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Pheretima

[Chinese medicine name]DI LONG [English name]Pheretima. [Source] Phentima aspergillum (E. Perrier), Pheretim, a vuLgaris Chen, Williams, Pheretima guillelmi (Michaelsen) or Pheretimapectini fera Michaelsen Kind of gutted guts. The former is known as the "Land of Land," and the latter...

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[Chinese medicine name]DI LONG

[English name]Pheretima.

[Source] Phentima aspergillum (E. Perrier), Pheretim, a vuLgaris Chen, Williams, Pheretima guillelmi (Michaelsen) or Pheretimapectini fera Michaelsen Kind of gutted guts. The former is known as the "Land of Land," and the latter three are "Hudi Dragon."

[Animal form] The body length is 11 to 38 centimeters, width is 0.5 to 1.2 centimeters, the tip is pointed, and the back is blunt. The whole is composed of more than 100 links. The back hole starts from 11 to 12 knots, the back is grayish purple, the back is slightly lighter, the bristle is slightly white, and the circumflex zone is located in the 14th to 16th. There is no back hole and bristles on it, and the front section of the annulus is thick and hard. . The male reproductive pores had a small protrusion on both sides of the ventral surface of the 18th section, with shallow skin folds on the outer edge and 1 to 2 rows of papillae on the anterior and posterior sides. Two pairs of holes in the seminal vesicles are located on an oval protrusion between 7/8 and 8/9 knots. The seminal capsule has a spherical shape, a short tube, a short blind tube, and a few turns.

[Origin distribution] Born in wet, loose and organic soils, the action is slow. Distributed in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan and other places.

[Harvesting] Spring to autumn capture. After catching, the abdomen should be dissected in time, the internal organs and sediment should be washed, dried or dried at low temperature.

[Medicine traits]long strips, curved, slightly rolled edge, length 10 ~ 20 cm, width 1 ~ 2 cm, all with links, back brown to purple gray, light yellowish brown belly; 14 to 16 links for the reproductive belt , known as "white neck", brighter. The tip of the body is slightly pointed and the end rounded. The male gonads have a small protrusion on both sides of the ventral surface of the 18th segment, with 1 to 2 rows of papillae on the anterior and posterior sides. Two pairs of holes in the seminal vesicles are located on an oval protrusion between 7/8 and 8/9 knots. Lightweight, slightly leathery, not easily broken. Breathless, slightly salty.

[Main ingredients]Pheretima contains hypoxanthine, antipyretic alkali, alizarin and many amino acids, but also contains succinic acid. The extract has a long-lasting antihypertensive effect on most animals; the infusion has an anti-asthmatic effect on experimental asthma in guinea pigs; on the isolated frog heart, an appropriate amount can increase the heartbeat; and animal experiments still have antipyretic, sedative, and anticonvulsant effects. Hypoxanthine is an antihypertensive ingredient and has antihistamine and diastolic trachea effects.

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