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Cortex Dictamni

【Chinese medicine name】baixianpi [English name] Dictamni Cortex [Source] Rutaceae Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz. 【Plant form】Perennial herb, about 1 meter high, the whole plant has a specific smell. The roots are clustered, long and cylindrical, with a strong mutton-like odor. The outer skin is...

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【Chinese medicine name】baixianpi

[English name] Dictamni Cortex

[Source] Rutaceae Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz.

【Plant form】Perennial herb, about 1 meter high, the whole plant has a specific smell. The roots are clustered, long and cylindrical, with a strong mutton-like odor. The outer skin is gray or nearly gray-yellow, the inner surface is white, and the wood core is firm. When fresh, it is easy to separate from the skin. Stems erect, shrublike at lower part, leathery slightly leathery, often with white fine hairs and glands. Odd, pinnate, alternate, usually 9 leaflets, ovate to elliptic, apex shortly acuminate, base slightly cuneate or slightly asymmetric, margin serrate, veins puberulent along both sides, petiole Both sides of the leaf shaft have narrow wings and narrow wings are covered with bright oil spots. Inflorescences terminal, floral axis, pedicel, sepals and sepals are densely pilose and glandular, petals 5. Fruit.

[Origin distribution] was born in a forest or shrub in Sanyangpo, as well as an open rocky slope and plain grassland. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia and other places.

[Harvest processing] The spring and autumn seasons can be excavated, but it is better to use spring pickers. After digging the roots, wash them, remove the fine roots and rough skin, cut them longitudinally, remove the wooden cores, and dry them.

【Medicine traits】Reel-shaped, 5 to 15 cm long, 1 to 2 cm in diameter, and 0.2 to 0.5 cm thick. The outer surface is grayish or light gray-yellow, with longitudinal wrinkles and lateral root marks, often with protruding granular dots. The inner surface is light yellow or almost white with fine vertical stripes, sometimes with small rounded lateral roots. Light and brittle, easy to break, white powder fly off when broken. Cross-section is not flat, milky, slightly lamellar, Yingguang visible shiny small crystals. There are sheep-like gas, slightly bitter taste.

Pharmacological studies have inhibitory effects on a variety of pathogenic fungi; can enhance myocardial contractility, contraction of blood vessels; a strong contraction of the uterus and intestinal smooth muscle; inhibition of immune function, there is still a certain degree of anti-cancer effect. Aqueous extracts have various degrees of inhibition on various dermatophytes; aqueous extracts have antipyretic effects on rabbits with Thorn fever; and both cellular and humoral immunity inhibit the spleen atrophy; It can also increase the phagocytic function of the reticuloendothelial system; dipperine has excitatory effects on isolated frog hearts, can increase myocardial tension, and has a marked contractile effect on isolated rabbit ear vasculature, and Yajiao alkali can resist arrhythmia; This product can shorten the clotting time, relax blood vessels, fluorenone has anti-fertility and anti-fertilization effects in rats, diterpenoids have anti-cancer activity in vitro. The LD50 for ibuprofenine fed to rats was 5 g/kg.

【Chemical composition】Ingredients such as berberine, glycosides, anthrone, flavones, psoralen, prickly ash, quercetin, isoquercetin, etc.


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