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Flos Carthami

[Chinese medicine name] honghua [English name] Carthami Flos. [Source] Compositae Carthamus tinctorius L. Flowers. Plant morphology Annual herb. 40 to 100 cm high. Stems erect, branching above, surface with shallow flutes. Hairless. Leaves alternate; few sessile, slightly stalked; leaves oblong...

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[Chinese medicine name] honghua

[English name] Carthami Flos.

[Source] Compositae Carthamus tinctorius L. Flowers.

Plant morphology Annual herb. 40 to 100 cm high. Stems erect, branching above, surface with shallow flutes. Hairless. Leaves alternate; few sessile, slightly stalked; leaves oblong or ovate-lanceolate. Inflorescences terminal, diameter 2 ~ 3 cm, arranged in corymbose; total ridge nearly spherical, total cymbal several rounds, the outermost 2 to 3 leaves-like, marginal teeth, inner surface round oval, margin No thorns, white film, transparent, most inline scaly, transparent membranous; flowers mostly, born in flat receptacles, all tubular flowers, orange-red, about 2 cm long; corolla tube thin linear, Apex 5-lobed; stamens 5, filaments short, born in the corolla mouth, anthers linear, polymerized into a tube, surrounded by pistil; pistil 1, slender style, out of the anther tube, stigma 2 shallowly. Achene obovate, 4-sided, base slightly slanting. Flowering from May to July, fruiting period from July to September.

[Place of Origin] Xinjiang, China.

[Farming and Processing] When the flower blooms from May to June, and the corolla changes from yellow to red, the tubular flower is picked in the morning when the dew is not dry, and the ovary is protected so that the knot can be formed. Will spend the sun in the weak sun or dry, but also micro-fire drying.

[Medicine traits] Tubular flowers without ovary, 1 to 2 cm in length. The surface is reddish yellow or red. Corolla tube slender, apex 5-lobed, lobes slender, 5-8 mm long; 5 stamens, anthers polymerized into a tube, yellowish-white; stigma oblong, apically divaricose. Soft. The gas is slightly fragrant and the taste is slightly bitter.

 

Pharmacological studies Flos Carthami has a mildly excited heart, reduces coronary resistance, increases coronary flow, and nutrient blood flow to the myocardium; anti-myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, and arrhythmia; improves peripheral microcirculation; anticoagulation Lowering blood lipids; Enhancing tolerance to hypoxia; Exciting the uterus; Relieving bowel spasm; Having immune activity and anti-inflammatory effects; Reducing metabolic disorders of monoamine neurological mediators in the brain; May cause mutations. Animal experiments show that a small amount of water decoction has stimulant effect on the heart, and there is an inhibitory effect in large doses; there is a clear direct contraction effect on blood vessels; safflor yellow can significantly prolong the survival time of left lung hypoxic environment in mice; The resulting platelet aggregation has a significant inhibitory effect; there is analgesic effect.

 

Chemical composition: Flos Carthami contains saffloric acid, saffloric acid, erythroside, safflower glycosides, nonacosane, β-sitosterol and dipalmitate, glycerides, oleic acid, linoleic acid, 13 components such as chlorogenic acid. Otherwise reported that it still contains safflower yellow pigment.

carthamus tinctorius

safflower

Flos Carthami

HONG HUA

 


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