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Flos Inulae

[Chinese medicine name]xuan fu hua [English name]Inulae Flos [Source] Compositae Inula japonica Thunb. Head flower. Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 30-70 cm in height. Roots short, transverse or oblique, with fibrous roots. Stems solitary or clustered, green or purple, with fine longitudinal...

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[Chinese medicine name]xuan fu hua

[English name]Inulae Flos

[Source] Compositae Inula japonica Thunb. Head flower.

Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 30-70 cm in height. Roots short, transverse or oblique, with fibrous roots. Stems solitary or clustered, green or purple, with fine longitudinal furrows, coats. Basal leaves withered at anthesis; middle leaves oblong or oblong-lanceolate, leaf tip, leaf base gradually narrowed, sessile, entire or sparsely toothed, sparsely hairy or nearly glabrous above, sparsely hairy below The upper leaves are narrow and the base is sometimes slightly wider. Capitulum 2.5 to 4 cm in diameter, solitary or several arranged into evacuated corymbs, total hemispherical, 1.3 to 1.5 cm in diam., 5-septal sepals, linear-lanceolate, outermost lanceolate The longer, the outer base is leathery, and the inner bracts are dry and membranous. Tongue flowers yellow, female, 9–14 mm long, apical 3 dentate, tubular flowers bisexual, 4–5 mm long, apical 5-dentate, stamens 5, polypically, gynoecium, ovary inferior, stigma 2 Deep cracks. Achene cylindrical, with 10 longitudinal furrows, sparsely hairy, white crested.

[Origin distribution] wild in the valley, river beach, roadside and other more humid place. Distributed in the Northeast and other places.

[Harvesting]Floral heads are picked in summer or autumn when flowers are open and dried.

[Herb character] Inflorescence is spherical or spheroidal, diameter 1 ~ 1.5 cm, more loose. Total hemispherical, diameter 1.3 ~ 1.5 cm, total sepal 5 layers, the outermost sepals often leafy and long, or upper leafy lower leathery, inner bracts dry film, narrow. Tongue flowers 1 round. Female, corolla yellow, 0.9-1.4 cm long, 0.8-1 mm wide, tongue strips developed, with 3 teeth at the top. Style slender, 2-lobed at the top, branches slightly flat, ovary cylindrical, middle swollen, 0.8-1 mm long, with 10 longitudinal ribs, covered with hairs. Crests 1 round, 22 to 30, rough white, 4 to 5 mm long. The tubular flower is bisexual, yellow, dense in the center, corolla 4 to 5 mm long, with 5 tip lobes at the tip. Stamens 5, flat-striped, anthers tubed into a tube, the base extending and growing tail, the lower part of the filament is attached to the upper part of the corolla. Gas micro, bitter, pungent, salty.

 

Pharmacological research Inulae Flos has antitussive, expectorant, antiasthmatic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and insecticidal effects.


Chemical Composition: Inulae Flos contains Inulae Flos, Inula, Quercetin, Carboxylic Acid, Deacetylation Indolactone, Inulalactone, and Cyclic Ether. Ester, oxidation of large flowers inflorescence lactone and other ingredients.

inula flower

Flos Inulae

inala japonica

XUAN  FU HUA

Inula

 


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