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Flos Magnoliae

[Chinese medicine name] xinyi [English name] Magnoliae Flos. Source: Magnolia biondii Pamp., Magnolia denudata Desr., or Magnolia sprengeri Pamp. bud. (This article takes Wang Chunhua as an example) [Plant form] Deciduous trees, up to 6 to 12 meters. The bark is light grey and smooth. Buds...

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[Chinese medicine name] xinyi

[English name] Magnoliae Flos.

Source: Magnolia biondii Pamp., Magnolia denudata Desr., or Magnolia sprengeri Pamp. bud. (This article takes Wang Chunhua as an example)

[Plant form] Deciduous trees, up to 6 to 12 meters. The bark is light grey and smooth. Buds ovate, densely yellowish pilose. Leaves oblong-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 10 to 18 cm long, 3.5 to 6.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base rounded or cuneate, entire, glabrous on both surfaces; petiole length 1 to 2 cm. The first leaves of flowers open, the top of the young shoots, diameter 6 to 8 cm; aroma; tepals 9, 3 outer wheels, strips, about 1 cm long, two rounds of near spoon, 4 to 5 cm long, wide 1.3 to 2.5 centimeters, the inner wheel is narrow and small, white, outside the base with purple; most stamens, filament outside the purple, white inside. Aggregate cylindrical fruit. Flowering March, fruiting September.

[Origin distribution] Born in the mountain broad-leaved forest 400 to 2000 meters above sea level. Distributed in Gansu, Shaanxi, Hubei, Henan and other places.

[Harvesting and Processing]Floral harvesting was not carried out at the end of the winter and early spring, and branches and stems were removed.

[Herb character] is long oval, like a writing brush, length 1.2 to 2.5 cm. The base often has short stems, and the stems have white punctate lenticels. Sepals 2 to 3 layers, 2 per layer, between the two sepals have small scale buds, sepals outer surface is densely gray or gray-green hair, inner surface brown, hairless. Perianth segments 9, brownish, outer tepals 3, bar-shaped, ca. 1/4 as long as inner ones, sinuately lamellae, inner two perianth segments 6, three per turn, arranged in a circular pattern. Stamens and pistils numerous, spirally arranged. Lightweight and crisp. Aroma, cool and slightly bitter.

 

Pharmacological studies Flos Magnoliae has anesthesia, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, uterine excitement, anti-platelet aggregation, anti-microbial, analgesic, and microcirculation.

 

[chemical composition] Flos Magnoliae contains volatile oil. The main component of the oil is 1,8-caprin. The other ingredients include β-pinene, 1,8-eophyllin, camphor, peony, orange nerve, and Magnolia vulgaris A.

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Flos Magnoliae Liliflorae

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flower bud of lily magnolia

 


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