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Flos Sophorae

【Chinese medicine name】 huaihua [alias] Sophorae Flos. 【Source】 Flowers and buds of the sophora japonica L. plant. 【Forms】 Deciduous trees, 15 to 25 meters high. Pinnate alternate, leaflets 9 to 15, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 2.5 to 7.5 cm long, apex pointed, base broadly cuneate, grayish below,...

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【Chinese medicine name】 huaihua

[alias] Sophorae Flos.

【Source】 Flowers and buds of the sophora japonica L. plant.

【Forms】 Deciduous trees, 15 to 25 meters high. Pinnate alternate, leaflets 9 to 15, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 2.5 to 7.5 cm long, apex pointed, base broadly cuneate, grayish below, sparsely pubescent. Inflorescences terminal, pedicels glabrous; calyx campanulate, 5-toothed; corolla milky, flag petal broadly cordate, shortly clawed, with purple veins; stamens 10, separated, unequal; ovary with fine hairs, styles bending.果 Fruit fleshy, beaded, 2.5 to 5 cm long, indehiscent. Seeds 1 to 6, kidney shape. Flowering from July to September, fruiting period from September to October.

[Origin distribution] China's north and south are widely cultivated, especially in the Loess Plateau and North China Plain.

【Harvesting and Processing】 Summer flower opening or harvesting when buds are formed, timely drying, removal of branches, stems and impurities.

【Herb character】 Sophorae Flos: Shrinking and curling, petals are scattered. The complete flower bud bell-shaped, yellow-green, apex 5 lobed; petals 5, yellow or yellow-white, 1 large, nearly round, apex slightly concave, and the remaining 4 pieces of oblong. Stamens 10, 9 of which basally commissures, filaments slender. Pistil cylindrical, curved. Body l light. Odorless, slightly bitter taste. Sophorae Flos: oval or oval, 2 to 6 mm long and 2 to 3 mm in diameter. There are several vertical lines in the lower part of the flower bud. The top of the beak is yellow-white, unopened petals. Pedicel small. Lightweight, handkerchief is broken, odorless, slightly bitter taste.

Pharmacological research Antibacterial, coagulation, hemostasis. Pharmacological studies have shown that rutin and its aglycone, quercetin, can maintain the normal tension of the capillaries, reduce its permeability, and restore the normal elasticity of capillaries bleeding due to increased brittleness. Quercetin can dilate coronary vessels, improve myocardial circulation, increase cardiac contractility and output, and reduce heart rate. Anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and anti-ulcer effects, as well as inhibition of bacteria, viruses and fungi.

[chemical composition] Sophorae Flos contains rutin (rutin) 10% to 28%. The highest content of buds, the content decreased after opening. Another triterpene saponin, glucose, glucuronic acid, rhamnose, isorhamno sugar -3- rutin glycosides, kaempferol -3- rutin glycosides, quercetin, red bean saponins, anthraquinone glycosides, glycosides II Alcohol and other ingredients.


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Sophora japonica


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