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Fructus Arctii

[Chinese name] niu bang zi [English name]Fructus Arctii [Medicine site] The mature fruit of the compositae Arctium lappa L. [Plant form] Biennial herb, 1 to 2 meters high. Thick, fleshy, conical. Stems erect, much branched above, purple-brown, with vertical stripes. Basal leaves large-shaped,...

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[Chinese name] niu bang zi

[English name]Fructus Arctii

[Medicine site] The mature fruit of the compositae Arctium lappa L.

[Plant form] Biennial herb, 1 to 2 meters high. Thick, fleshy, conical. Stems erect, much branched above, purple-brown, with vertical stripes. Basal leaves large-shaped, clustered, long-stalked; stems alternate; leaf blade long ovate or broadly ovate, apex obtuse, spiky, base often heart-shaped, entire or irregularly corrugulate, upper Green or dark green, sparsely hairy, densely covered with gray short hairs below. Inflorescences clustered on stems or arranged in corymbose, peduncles with shallow grooves, densely fine hairs; aggregates globose, bracts numerous, imbricate, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, apex hooked Small flowers, reddish purple, all tubular flowers, bisexual, 5 corolla apex corolla; polyp stamens 5; ovary inferior, 1-locular, style slender, stigma 2-lobed. Achenes oblong or oblong-obovate, gray-brown, with longitudinal ribs, crest-thornlike, yellowish brown. Flowering from June to August, fruiting period from August to October.

[Origin distribution] is often cultivated; in the wild, it grows on the roadside of the mountains, the ditch, the wasteland, the sunny slopes of the sun, the edge of the forest, and the vicinity of the villages and towns. Distributed in the three northeastern provinces, North China and other places.

[Harvesting and Processing]When the fruit is ripe in the fall season, cut off the ground part or cut off the ear, dry it, lay down the fruit, sieve out dirt and other impurities, and then dry it. Frying system: Take net razor clams, stir-fry until slightly yellow, slightly bulging and slightly scented.

[Ingredients] Achenes were long obovate, flat at both ends, slightly flat, slightly curved, 5 to 7 mm long and 2 to 3 mm in diameter. Table gray brown or grayish brown, with a large number of small dark spots, and there are obvious vertical ridgeline. The top is wider, with a ring, and the center is a bit of a studded remnant of the style; the base is narrow and has a rounded pedicel. The peel is hard, and the cotyledons appear after the fruit is broken. It is yellowish-white and oil-rich. The fruit is qi-free; the seeds are gas-specific, bitter-sweet, and slightly chewing. It is better to use large, full, and gray-brown colors.

 

Pharmacological studies Fructus Arctii antibacterial antiviral; hypoglycemic; antihypertensive; anti-kidney; mild diuretic, purgative. According to relevant reports, Arctium aglycone has anti-nephritis effect; Arctigenin and Lappaol A, C, F and Arctiin, Arctium glycosides, crude extracts and other in vitro on human uterine cancer cells JTC-26 and human normal The proliferation of fetal fibroblast HE-1 has a certain inhibitory effect, combined with a variety of chemotherapeutic drugs can reduce or organize the increase of anticancer drug resistance.

 

[chemical composition] Fructus Arctii contains new burdock B, calendin, burdock glycosides, calvinol, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, arachidonic sugar and other ingredients.

burdock

Great Burdock Achene

Fructus Arctii

Actium lappa

NIU BANG ZI

achene of great burdock

 


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