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Fructus Cannabis

[Chinese medicine name] huomaren [Medicinal site] Cannabis plant Cannabis sativaL. [Plant characteristics] annual herb, high 1 to 3 meters. Stems erect, much branched, with vertical and horizontal grooves on the surface, finely velvety hair. Palmate compound leaves, alternate or subopposite;...

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[Chinese medicine name] huomaren

[Medicinal site] Cannabis plant Cannabis sativaL.

[Plant characteristics] annual herb, high 1 to 3 meters. Stems erect, much branched, with vertical and horizontal grooves on the surface, finely velvety hair. Palmate compound leaves, alternate or subopposite; stipules linear-lanceolate; leaf blade 3-11, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, apex long, base narrowly cuneate, margins coarsely serrate, apically Rough hair, dark green, densely covered wool below, grayish white. Flowers unisexual, dioecious; male flowers integrated evacuated panicles, terminal or axillary, tepals 5, yellowish green, long ovate, imbricate, stamens 5; female flowers born in leaf axils, each flower outside 1 Sepals, ovate, tepals 1, membranous, green, pistil 1, ovary-globose. Achenes oblate and ovoid, ovules inverted, 1 seed. Flowering from May to July, fruiting period from June to September.

[Place of Origin] The well-drained sandy or viscous soil should be grown. China has cultivated all over the north and south.

[Harvesting] When the fruit is ripe, cut the whole plant, dry it, lay down the fruit, and sieve to remove the impurities.

[Herb character] flat oval, 4 to 5 mm long, 3 to 4 mm wide. Surface grayish green or slightly grayish brown, shiny, with fine white, brown or black mesh texture, slightly pointed at the top, blunt base, dimpled stalks, light ribs on each side Line, skin is thin and brittle, easily broken. The seed coat is dark green and often adheres to the endocarp. The embryo is curved and oval, and the thin endosperm is brown, the top end is brown, the other end is white, and the cotyledons and radicles are equal in length, milky white and rich in oil. The gas is slightly odorless and slightly chewed. It is better to use body, dry grain, big impurities, and full kernels. Contains 30% of dry fatty oil, initially yellow-green, long-term release brown.


Pharmacological studies Fructus Cannabis lowers blood pressure; lowers cholesterol. After oral administration, it is decomposed in the intestinal tract to produce fatty acids that can stimulate the intestinal mucosa, increase secretion, accelerate peristalsis, and reduce water absorption in the large intestine and cause diarrhea. Adverse reactions: Hemp seed contains scorpion toxin, choline, fat, etc., intake of more than 50 grams, 1 to 2 hours can cause poisoning, the symptoms are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, numbness of the extremities, loss of directional force, paralysis, Coma, pupil dilation, etc.

 

Chemical composition Fructus Cannabis oil contains 10% saturated fatty acids, 12% oleic acid, 53% linoleic acid, and 25% linolenic acid. The other ingredients include fenugreekine and tetrahydrocannabinol.

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