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Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis

[Chinese medicine name] foshou [English name] Citri Sarcodactμlis Fructus. [Medicinal parts] Fruit of bergamot Citrus medica L.var. sarcodactylis Swingle. [Plant morphology] Evergreen small trees or shrubs. Old branches grayish green, young branches slightly purple, with short and hard thorns....

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[Chinese medicine name] foshou

[English name] Citri Sarcodactμlis Fructus.

[Medicinal parts] Fruit of bergamot Citrus medica L.var. sarcodactylis Swingle.

[Plant morphology] Evergreen small trees or shrubs. Old branches grayish green, young branches slightly purple, with short and hard thorns. Leaves alternate, leathery, with clear oil spots; petiole short, wingless, no joints; leaf blade oblong or obovate-oblong, apex obtuse, sometimes dimpled, base suborbicular or cuneate, margin shallow Wave-shaped blunt serrations. Flowers solitary, clustered or racemes; calyx cupular, lobes triangular; petals inside white, outside purple; stamens numerous; ovary elliptic, distally narrowly pointed. Orange fruit oval or oblong, the top split like a box, or open like fingers, the number of cracks represents the number of carpels, the surface is orange, rough, yellowish flesh. Seeds numerous, ovate, apex pointed, sometimes incompletely developed. Flowering from April to May, fruiting period from October to December.

[Origin distribution] Growing in tropical, subtropical, sunny and well-drained sandy loam. Distributed in Guangdong and other places.

Harvesting and Processing: Autumn fruits start to turn yellow from green and will be picked when mature. After several days of drying, after most of the water evaporates, it is slit into thin slices, dried or dried at low temperature.

 

Medicinal properties traits oval-shaped or oval flakes, often shrinking or curling. The top is slightly wider, the base is slightly narrower, and some have visible stem marks. The skin is yellow-green or orange-yellow with wrinkles and oil spots. The flesh is yellowish-white in color, scattered with uneven lines or punctiform vascular bundles. Hard and crisp, flexible after moisture. Gas incense, bitter after the sweet taste.

 

Pharmacological studies Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis can relieve asthma, relieve spasm, inhibit the central nervous system, increase coronary blood flow in the heart, improve hypoxia tolerance, increase capillary resistance and reduce adrenal ascorbate depletion; anti-inflammatory. Alcohol extracts have the effect of relaxing gastrointestinal smooth muscle spasm and increasing coronary blood flow and antihypertensive effect. Alcohol extracts had significant inhibitory effects on isolated rat intestine; cats were injected intravenously for a short period of time to inhibit heart and antihypertensive effect; its lemon oleoresin had anti-allergic effects on isolated guinea pig trachea.

 

[chemical composition] Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis contains volatile oil, flavonoids, coumarin, polysaccharides, hesperidin, limonene, 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin, dioserin, diosmin, white angelica, 5-methoxy furfural and other ingredients.

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