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Fructus Evodiae

【Chinese medicine name】 wuzhuyu 【English name】Euodiae Fructus. 【Source】 Rutaceae Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. [Plant form] evergreen shrub or small tree. Young branch, leaf axis, petiole are densely yellow-brown villous. Single pinnate leaves opposite; leaflets 2 to 4 pairs, leaf blade...

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【Chinese medicine name】 wuzhuyu

【English name】Euodiae Fructus.

【Source】 Rutaceae Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth.

[Plant form] evergreen shrub or small tree. Young branch, leaf axis, petiole are densely yellow-brown villous. Single pinnate leaves opposite; leaflets 2 to 4 pairs, leaf blade elliptic to ovate, entire, both surfaces densely yellowish villous, with oil spots. Inflorescences terminal, flowers unisexual, dioecious; floral rachis 2 base sepals, upper sepals scaly; flowers small, yellow-white, sepals 5, broadly ovate; petals 5, oblong; Stamens 5; female flowers larger, with staminodes 5. Capsule oblate, purple-red at maturity, with 1 seed per carpel, ovoid, black, shiny. Flowering from June to August, fruiting period from September to October.

[Origin distribution] was born in the hillside grass. Mainly produced in Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan, Zhejiang, Sichuan and other places.

[Harvest processing] From September to October, fruit tea is green and the carpels have not yet been separated, harvested, dried or low-temperature drying.

【Medicine traits】Fruit spherical or slightly pentagonal, spherical, 2 to 5 mm in diameter; surface dark yellow-green to dark green, with many punctiform projections; slightly concave at the top, pentagonal fissures, sometimes at the center of the fissure Protuberant stigma residue; base calyx and short stalk. Observed under a magnifying glass, the surface is rough, with round and slightly concave oil glands, yellow hairs on the buds and pedicels. Hard and brittle, with a strong aroma; bitter and slightly spicy.

【Pharmacological research】Euodiae Fructus has aroma and stomach function, can eliminate intestinal gas and inhibit abnormal fermentation in the intestine, increase secretion of digestive juice, inhibit gastrointestinal motility and relieve spasms, antiemetic, and have analgesic, anti-gastric ulcer, Lower blood pressure, excitement uterus, anti-thrombosis, insecticide, antibacterial, elevated body temperature, liver and gallbladder, inhibition of the central nervous system, improve cardiovascular system function, anti-thrombosis, anti-hypoxia and other pharmacological effects.

[chemical composition]Euodiae Fructus contains volatile oil, which is the main component of eucalyptus, the content of up to 30%. In addition, it also contains various components such as limonoids, alkaloids, flavonoids, ketones, amino acids, evodiamide, evodiamine, oxacridine, demethylcarbamylamide and evodiamide.


fructus evodiae
evodia rutaecarpa
Medcinal Evodia Fruit
Tetradium ruticarpum
WU ZHU YU
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