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Fructus Ligustri Lucidi

【Chinese medicine name】nvzhenzi [English name] Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, glossy privet fruit. 【Source】 Ripe fruit of Ligustrum lucidum Ait. 【Plant morphology】 Evergreen shrubs or small trees. Bark gray, branches smooth, with lenticels. Leaves opposite, petiole above groove; leaf blade leathery,...

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【Chinese medicine name】nvzhenzi

[English name] Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, glossy privet fruit.

【Source】 Ripe fruit of Ligustrum lucidum Ait.

【Plant morphology】 Evergreen shrubs or small trees. Bark gray, branches smooth, with lenticels. Leaves opposite, petiole above groove; leaf blade leathery, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, apex acuminate to acute, base broadly cuneate, entire, above dark green, shiny, light green below, densely covered Transparent glands, the main vein is obvious. Inflorescences terminal; pedicels long; bracts leaflike, linear-lanceolate, sessile, caducous, ovate; ovate-triangular; calyx campanulate, 4-lobed; corolla tube ca. as long as sepals, lobes 4 , Rectangle ovate, white; stamens 2, inserted at throat of corolla tube, filaments thin, protruding outside corolla; pistil 1, ovary superior, spherical 2-celled, styles terete, stigma shallowly 2-lobed. Berries stone fruit, oblong, green when young, ripe blue-black; seeds 1 to 2, long oval. Flowering from June to July, fruiting period from August to December.

[Place of Origin] Born in a warm and humid area or sunny side of a hill. Mainly produced in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian and other places.

【Harvesting and Processing】Winter fruit ripening is harvested, dried slightly after being steamed or slightly hot in boiling water. For raw or wine use.

[] medicinal properties of the majority of oval or kidney-shaped, long diameter of 4 to 8 mm, shorter diameter 2.5 to 4 mm. The surface is dark purple or brownish-black, and it is not evenly crumpled. The base has fruit stems or a pod and short stem. The exocarp is thin, the mesocarp is thick and fluffy, the endocarp is woody, yellow-brown, and the surface has several longitudinal edges. Cross-section wards 2 rooms, each room has l seeds, the other is often not developed. Seeds are oval in shape with one side flattened or slightly curved. There are still a few fruits in the product with 2 seeds. The fruit is broadly elliptical, not curved, 7 to 10 mm in major diameter, 5 to 6 mm in minor diameter, with less surface shrinkage and oval seeds. The two surfaces are slightly flatter. . Gas slightly, slightly sour taste.

Pharmacological research: fructus ligustri lucidi has the function of increasing peripheral leukocytes, enhancing the phagocytic capacity of the reticuloendothelial system, enhancing cellular immunity and humoral immunity; it has an elevated effect on neutropenia due to chemotherapy or radiotherapy; has cardiac, diuretic and protective effects. Liver action; and have cough, anti-inflammatory, promote immune function, inhibit allergies, prevent atherosclerosis, hypoglycemic, antimutagenic and anti-hematoporphyrin microbial photooxidation, laxation, antibacterial, anti-cancer and other effects.

[chemical composition] The main active ingredient of fructus ligustri lucidi  is triterpenoids, mainly oleanolic acid, acetyl oleanolic acid, beta-sitosterol, acetyl ursolic acid, quercetin, eugenol glycosides, privet, New Ligustrum glycosides and other ingredients.


fructus ligustri lucidi100 – 10000.10.12
nu zhen zi100 – 10000.072.56
glossy privet fruit10 – 1000.08
ligustrum lucidum ait10 – 1000.01
Ligustrum Lucidum


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