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Fructus Liquidambaris

【Chinese medicine name】lulutong 【English name】Liquidambaris Fructus 【Source】 The mature inflorescence of Liquidambar formamide Liquidambar formosana Hance. [Plant form] arbor, up to 40 meters. Bark grayish brown, rough, with lenticels. Leaves alternate, leaves broadly ovate, often 3-lobed, young...

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【Chinese medicine name】lulutong

【English name】Liquidambaris Fructus

【Source】 The mature inflorescence of Liquidambar formamide Liquidambar formosana Hance.

[Plant form] arbor, up to 40 meters. Bark grayish brown, rough, with lenticels. Leaves alternate, leaves broadly ovate, often 3-lobed, young branches and branches of the buds are mostly palmately 5-lobed, dark green above, pale green below; petiole length 3 to 7 cm; stipules linear, caducous. Flowers unisexual, monoecious; male flowers are catkins, no tepals, stamens numerous, filaments unequal; female flowers are spherical heads, 1.5 cm in diameter, with 23 to 43 flowers, peduncles long, creeping Teeth 5, subulate, apetulate, ovary half lower, 2-celled, endosperm numerous, styles 2, stigma bent. The majority of fruit capsules produce a head-shaped spherical infructescence, 2.5 to 4.5 cm in diameter, with spurs on the surface resembling persistent styles and bracts around the ovary. The pods are oblong and the lower part is hidden inside the inflorescence axis. Top hole cracks. The seeds are incompletely developed and fully developed. The former are predominant, polygonal, small, yellow-brown, and the latter are oblong and flat, with wings and brown. Flowering from March to April, fruiting period from September to October.

[Origin distribution] was born in plains and hills. Distributed in East China, South China, Southwest and other places.

【Harvesting and Processing】 Winter fruits ripen after harvest, remove impurities and dry.

【Herb character】The flower is gathered from most of the small pods, spherical, 2 to 3 cm in diameter. The base has a total fruit stem. The surface is gray-brown or tan. There are many spikelets and small blunt blunt stabs. They are 0.5-1 cm in length and often break. The top of the small pods are cracked and show honeycomb-like holes. Lightweight, hard and hard to break. Gas slightly, tasteless.

【Pharmacological studies】 Anti-inflammatory; Liver protection. Pharmacological experiments have shown that there is a clear role in promoting arterial swelling and regression of arthritis in rats.

[chemical composition] fructus liquidambaris contains volatile oil, flavonoids, phenols, organic acids and sugars. In addition, it also contains methyl oleanolic acid methyl ester, 3-methylene oleanolic acid methyl ester, 3-methylene oleanolic acid, volatile oil contains beta-terpinene, beta-pinene, limonene, alpha- Terpinene and other ingredients. The other components include ursolic acid, 28-nor oleoglycolic acid, oxytosine, oleanolic acid, oxidized eugenol, a-elemene, epoxide sufostinil, and lactone lactone.


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