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Fructus Perillae

【Chinese medicine name】zisuzi [English name] Perillae Fructus. 【Source】 Dried ripe fruit of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. Plant morphology Annual herb. Plants up to 90 cm. Stems erect, grooved, green or purplish, densely villous. Leaves broadly ovate or orbicular, 7 to 13 cm long, 4.5 to 10 cm...

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【Chinese medicine name】zisuzi

[English name] Perillae Fructus.

【Source】 Dried ripe fruit of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.

Plant morphology Annual herb. Plants up to 90 cm. Stems erect, grooved, green or purplish, densely villous. Leaves broadly ovate or orbicular, 7 to 13 cm long, 4.5 to 10 cm wide, base rounded or broadly cuneate, apex shortly pointed or cuspidate, leaf margins coarsely serrate above base, both surfaces green or purple, or only The following purple, lateral pulse 7 to 8 pairs. Umbrella inflorescences 2 flowers, composed of terminal or axillary membranous heads on one side, sepals broadly ovoid or suborbicular, surrounded by red-brown glands. Calyx bell-shaped, 10-veined, lower villous, yellow glandular, yellow-lipped, upper lip broad, 3-toothed, lower lip slightly longer than upper lip, 2-toothed, teeth lanceolate. Corolla white to purple, 2 to 2.5 mm long, 2 lip shape, the upper lip is absent, the lower lip 3 crack, the middle lobe is larger, the side lobes and the upper lip similar. Stamens 4, few extensile, anterior to stamens longer, style apex with equal 2-lobed. Nutlets, spherical. Flowering from August to September, fruiting period from September to October.

[Origin distribution] widely cultivated throughout the country.

【Harvesting and Processing】After harvesting mature fruits in the autumn, remove impurities and dry them.

【Herb character】fructus perillae is oval or ball-like, about 1.5 mm in diameter. The surface is gray-brown or gray-brown with a dark purple hue with slightly raised ridges, a slightly pointed base, and grayish-white fruit-shaped stem marks. The peel is thin and brittle, easily crushed. Seeds yellowish white, seed coat membranous, cotyledons 2, almost white, oily. Crushed with aroma, slightly pungent.

Pharmacological research Anticancer.

Chemical Composition: fructus perillae contain 17% protein and 51.7% oil. The oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids and 56.8% linolenic acid, linoleic acid 17.6%, triglyceride, alpha-linolenic acid, glyceryl tripalmitic acid Ester, L-Perse aldehyde and other ingredients.


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