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Fructus Poncirus Trifoliate

【Chinese medicine name】 Fructus Poncirus trifoliate ZHI SHI 【English name】AURANTII FRUCTUS IMMATURUS 【Source】 Young fruit of Citrus aurantium L. from Rutaceae. [Plant form] evergreen small tree, with long thorns. Leaves alternate, leathery, petiole with narrow or inverted heart-shaped wings;...

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【Chinese medicine name】 Fructus Poncirus trifoliate ZHI SHI

【English name】AURANTII FRUCTUS IMMATURUS

【Source】 Young fruit of Citrus aurantium L. from Rutaceae.

[Plant form] evergreen small tree, with long thorns. Leaves alternate, leathery, petiole with narrow or inverted heart-shaped wings; leaf blade oblong, with translucent oil spots. Flowers arranged in racemes; calyx cup-shaped, 5-lobed; petals 5, white, oblong. The fruit is round and slightly flat, orange and yellow when ripe. Flowering from April to May and fruiting from June to November.

[Production area] more cultivation. Fructus Poncirus trifoliate Mainly produced in Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Sichuan, Fujian and other places.

[harvesting and processing] collected from May to June, dried; slightly larger cross cut in half, dried.

Medicinal properties traits hemispherical or spherical, diameter 1 to 3 cm. The outer surface is greenish-black or brown-brown, coarser, with numerous small oil spots (oil chambers), and disc-like sessile or slightly raised style base marks in the center. In the cross section, the pericarp is yellowish-white or light brown, slightly upwardly convex, 5 to 8 mm thick, and the edges have 1 to 2 dark brown depressions (oil chambers). Hernia sac 9 to 11 petals, tan, the central axis width of 3 to 5 mm. Gas incense, bitter, slightly acidic.

[Clinical application] dosage of 3 ~ 9 grams, decoction orally; or into the pill, scattered. For external use: appropriate amount, powder coating at the end of the study, or fried hot iron. Treated with dietary stagnation caused by abdominal pain, fever, constipation, abdominal cramps, hot and humid diarrhea, tenesmus, gastroptosis, uterine prolapse, rectal prolapse.

Pharmacological studies have dual effects on gastrointestinal motility and uterine smooth muscle inhibition and excitability; have a strong heart, increase cardiac blood transfusion and systolic blood vessels; anti-inflammatory; antibacterial, anti-virus; anti-allergy; antioxidation; analgesia; Central inhibition; antipyretic; Hemorrhagic purpura with increased capillary fragility.

[chemical composition]Fructus Poncirus trifoliate contains volatile oil, flavonoids, alkaloids and other ingredients. This product contains glycosides, hesperidin, nobiletin-3-0-β-glucoside, cynoside, naringenin-7-rutinoside, buntine, sweet orange, neohesperidin, and Precursin, tivoliol, linoleic acid and other ingredients.


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Extracted From

fructus aurantii immaturus

10 – 100

0.02

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

bitter orange extract

1000 – 10000

0.78

3.4

 

 

 

N

N

 

bitter orange

1000 – 10000

0.42

3.91

 

 

 

N

N

 

zhi shi

100 – 1000

0.02

7.04

 

 

 

N

N

 

bitterorange

1000 – 10000

0.17

2.61

 

 

 

N

N

 

bitter orange peel

100 – 1000

0.82

3.19

 

 

 

N

N

 

fructus aurantii

100 – 1000

0

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

immature bitter orange

10 – 100

0.13

2.07

 

 

 

N

N

 

bitter orange powder

100 – 1000

0.54

6.41

 

 

 

N

N

 

zhi shi herb

10 – 100

0.06

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

aurantii fructus

10 – 100

0.05

6.16

 

 

 

N

N

 

aurantii fructus immaturus

10 – 100

0.05

1.48

 

 

 

N

N

 

aurantii

100 – 1000

0

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

pericarpium aurantii

10 – 100

0.01

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

aurantii pericarpium

10 – 100

0

0.13

 

 

 

N

N

 

fructus citri aurantii

10 – 100

0

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

aurantii amari pericarpium

10 – 100

0

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

aurantii immaturus fructus

10 – 100

0

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

citri aurantii

10 – 100

0

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

Citrus Aurantium Extract

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fruit of immature citron

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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