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Fructus Psoraleae

[Chinese name] Fructus Psoraleae buguzhi [English name] Psoraleae Fructus. 【Source】 Leguminous plant Psoralea Psoralea corylifolia L. mature fruit. 【Plant form】 Annual herb, all yellow-white hair and dark brown glands. Stems erect, branches stiff, with longitudinal edges. Leaves alternate,...

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[Chinese name] Fructus Psoraleae buguzhi

[English name] Psoraleae Fructus.

【Source】 Leguminous plant Psoralea Psoralea corylifolia L. mature fruit.

【Plant form】 Annual herb, all yellow-white hair and dark brown glands. Stems erect, branches stiff, with longitudinal edges. Leaves alternate, branch lateral often lateral leaflets; leaf broadly ovate or triangular-ovate, apex rounded or obtuse, base cordate, obliquely cordate or rounded, margin broadly toothed, leaf both surfaces prominent The black glandular spots; petiole are white hairs; stipules paired, triangular-lanceolate, membranous. Flowers numerous, densely spike-shaped racemes; flowers axillary; calyx campanulate, base united tubular, apex 5-toothed, covered with black glandular spots; corolla butterfly-shaped, lavender or yellow; stamens 10, 1 bunch, anthers Small; pistil 1, ovary superior, obovate or linear, style filamentous. Capsule oval, with persistent calyx, pericarp black, seeds 1, fragrant and scabious. Flowering from July to August, fruiting period from September to October.

【Origin distribution】 Fructus Psoraleae was born on the slopes, streams, or fields. Mainly produced in Henan, Sichuan, Anhui and other places.

【Harvesting and Processing】After harvesting mature fruits in the autumn, remove impurities and dry them.

【Medicine traits】Semi-circular kidney-shaped, slightly sharp at one end, and a few of them. It is 4 to 5.5 mm long, 2 to 4 mm wide and about 1 mm thick. The surface is dark brown or tan with a fine mesh and numerous lenticular textures are visible under the magnifying glass. Hard and brittle, visible after cutting open skin and outer seed coat closely adhering, less than 0.5 mm thick, remove the peel, the visible umbilicus small dots, slightly located in the upper part of the seed concave side, the other end of the joint, species The ridge is not obvious. The outer cortex is hard, gray, no endosperm, two cotyledons, hypertrophy, light yellow to yellowish brown, white material is often seen on the inside and outside surfaces; the embryo is small and visible. At the base of the Suaeden, the upper part is 5 cracked, gray-yellow, hairy and densely covered with brown glands. Aroma-specific, slightly bitter taste.

[Clinical application] Fructus Psoraleae is used for the treatment of kidney yang deficiency, the waist and knee pain of sudden death, impotence, nocturnal emission, urinary frequency, diarrhea of spleen and kidney yang deficiency, deficiency of virtual gas, and vitiligo.

Pharmacological research: Fructus Psoraleae can dilate coronary arteries, stimulate the heart, increase the power of the heart, shrink the uterus and shorten the bleeding time, and reduce the amount of bleeding; anti-pregnancy and estrogen-like effects; psoralen can cause photosensitive effects, internal or external Applying the skin and subjecting it to sunlight or ultraviolet rays can cause local skin pigmentation. In addition, Fructus Psoraleae has anti-tumor, anti-aging, antibacterial, insecticidal and estrogen-like effects.

[chemical composition] Fructus Psoraleae contains coumaine class, mainly psoralen and isopsoralen (baicalein), also contains chalcone, flavonoids, monoterpene phenols, pepper toxin, different Psoralea dihydroflavone, psoralen dihydroflavone, isoproskinol chalcone, psoralen B, soya sterol, bakuchiol, linoleum and other ingredients.


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