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Fructus Trichosanthis

【Chinese medicine name】gualou [English name] Trichosanthis Fructus. 【Source】 Ripe fruits of Trichosanthes klrllowll Maxim. [Plant form] Perennial grass vine. Leaves alternate, with long stalks; tendrils axillary; leafy, often near-heart-shaped, indehiscent or palmately lobed to mid-cleft....

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【Chinese medicine name】gualou

[English name] Trichosanthis Fructus.

【Source】 Ripe fruits of Trichosanthes klrllowll Maxim.

[Plant form] Perennial grass vine. Leaves alternate, with long stalks; tendrils axillary; leafy, often near-heart-shaped, indehiscent or palmately lobed to mid-cleft. Dioecious, several male flowers born in the apex of the main stem, female flowers solitary; male flowers with three stamens, anthers poly drugs, separate when mature, female flower ovary lower. Capsules nearly spherical, orange-yellow. Seeds oval. Flowering from July to August, fruiting period from September to October.

[Place of Origin] Born on the edge of the edge of the forest. Distributed in Shandong, Hebei, Henan and other places.

【Harvesting and Processing】When the Fructus Trichosanthis is ripe in the autumn, cut it down with a fruit stem and dry it in a ventilated place.

【Herb character】Spherical or wide oval. The surface is orange to orange-red, shrunken or smoother, with rounded style residues at the top. Brittle, easy to break open, yellow and white inside surface, red and yellow silk, fruit orange, thick, sticky with most seeds. Gases such as caramel; slightly sour and sweet.

【Pharmacological studies】dilatation of arterial crest; anti-myocardial ischemia; improvement of microcirculation; inhibition of platelet aggregation; hypoxia tolerance; antiarrhythmia; antiulcer; antibacterial; anticancer; anti-aging.

[chemical composition] Fructus Trichosanthis contains serine protease, a variety of amino acids and contains volatile oil. Seeds contain triterpene saponins and other ingredients. The other ingredients include aldicarb, diterpenoid diol, isophthalene diol, vanillic acid, ethyl linolenate and other ingredients.


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