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Fructus Viticis

【Chinese medicine name】manjingzi [English name] Viticis Fructus. fructus viticis 【Source】 Ripe fruit of Vitex trifolia L., Verbena family. [Plant form] shrubs, rare for small trees. Branchlets quadrangular prismatic. Leaves are compound leaves of 3 leaflets, sometimes with simple leaves,...

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【Chinese medicine name】manjingzi

[English name] Viticis Fructus. fructus viticis

【Source】 Ripe fruit of Vitex trifolia L., Verbena family.

[Plant form] shrubs, rare for small trees. Branchlets quadrangular prismatic. Leaves are compound leaves of 3 leaflets, sometimes with simple leaves, leaflets obovate or oblanceolate, apex acute or blunt, base cuneate, entire, green above, densely covered with pink short white hairs, petiole very short. Inflorescences terminal, calyx campanulate, enlarged after fruiting, often torn on one side; corolla blue-purple, apex 5-lobed into 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe largest; stamens 4 Pieces, extending beyond the corolla; ovary globose, densely glandular, styles exserted, stigma 2-lobed. Drupes spherical or obovate. Flowering from July to September, fruiting period from September to November.

[Origin distribution] was born in plains, sandy lands, floodplains, creeks, and shrubs, distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, and Yunnan.

【Harvesting and Processing】After harvesting mature fruits in the autumn, remove impurities and dry them.

【Medicine traits】 spherical, diameter 4 to 6 mm. The surface is grayish black or dark brown, grayish-white frost-like hairs, 4 longitudinal shallow grooves, dimples at the top, grayish white pods and short pedicels at the base. The pupa grows from 1/3 to 2/3 of the fruit and has 5 cracks, of which 2 are deep and densely covered with hair. Lightweight, tough and unbreakable. Cross-section can be seen in 4 rooms with 1 seed per room. Gas-specific and aromatic, tasteless, slightly pungent.

Pharmacological studies: anti-microbial; analgesic; anti-inflammatory; antihypertensive; anticoagulant; sputum; asthma; anticancer; inhibit intestinal smooth muscle; prolong the survival time of normoxic mice. Pharmacological experiments show that vitexin has significant inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus and so on.

[chemical composition]fructus viticis contains volatile oil, fatty oil, vitexin, and contains vitexin, vitexanthin, luteolin, β-sitosterol, p-anisic acid, palmitoleic acid, trace alkaloids and vitamin A and other ingredients .


man jing zi100 – 10000.03
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fructus viticis10 – 1000.01
vitex trifolia100 – 10000.02
chastetree fruit

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