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Fructus Xanthii

【Chinese medicine name】cangerzi 【Source】 Compositae Xanthium sibiricum Patr.ex Widd. Fructus Xanthii 【Plant morphology】 Annual herb, 30-90 cm high, stems rough, short hairs. Leaves alternate, long-stalked, broadly triangular-bladed, apex acute, base cordate, margin dentate and irregularly...

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【Chinese medicine name】cangerzi

【Source】 Compositae Xanthium sibiricum Patr.ex Widd. Fructus Xanthii

【Plant morphology】 Annual herb, 30-90 cm high, stems rough, short hairs. Leaves alternate, long-stalked, broadly triangular-bladed, apex acute, base cordate, margin dentate and irregularly coarsely serrate, dark green above, pale green below, rough or shortly white hairs, base with prominent veins 3 Article. Head flowering, subsessile, polysperous, unisexual, sessile, male, inflorescence, glabrous, sepals small, 1 row; receptacles cylindrical, with scales; floret tubular, 5-lobed apical, 5 stamens, anthers close to Separated, with infolded attachments; female inflorescences ovate, total sepals 2–3 columns, outer sepals small, inner sepals large, forming an oval, 2-celled hardware with barbs outside Hair, top with 2 cone-shaped tips, 2 flowers, no corolla, ovary in the total septum, one per room, style linear, prominent in the outside. Achene obovate, concealed in a barbed cheek, no crested. Flowering from May to June, fruiting period from June to August.

[Origin distribution] Fructus Xanthii Born on a barren meadow or roadside. Distributed throughout the country.

【Harvesting and Processing】From August to September, when the fruit is ripe, it is taken off and dried, or the whole plant is cut, the fruit is laid, and net impurities are removed and dried. Fried Xanthium sinensis: Take the Xanthium sibiricum and place it in a pan. Slowly simmer until the surface is dark yellow. When there is aroma, take it out and let it cool.

【Medicine traits】Spindle-shaped or oval-shaped, length 1 to 1.7 cm, diameter 4 to 7 mm. The surface is yellow-green, brown-green or dark brown, and most of the hooks are about 2 mm long. There are two thicker spikes at one end, separated or connected, and the outer skin (the total tendon) is tough, and is divided into two chambers, each containing one small achene. The achenes are slightly spindle-shaped, one is flat, the skin is grayish black and papery; the base of one column has a spike-like protrusion; the seeds are light gray, the seed coat is membranous, there are two cotyledons, and the radicle is at the tip. Gas is weak, taste bitter, oily. Granules

【Pharmacological studies】Antimicrobial; Hypoglycemic; Heart rate slows, weakens cardiac contractility, dilates blood vessels, enhances vascular permeability; Antithrombin effect, reduces the total number of white blood cells in peripheral blood and can restore cholesterol and triglyceride to Normal level; anti-inflammatory and analgesic; inhibition of cellular immunity and humoral immune function; small doses to strengthen the respiratory movement, large doses of inhibition of respiratory movement; anti-oxidation; anti-cancer; excitatory bowel and other effects. Toxicity: Degeneration or necrosis of the liver can be made. The lungs and brain can be congested and edema, and can cause severe convulsions after poisoning.

[Chemical Ingredients] 9.2% fatty oil, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid, wax alcohol, β-sitosterol, γ-sitosterol, β-sitosterol, lecithin, and cephalin. In addition, it also contains leucine, phenylalanine, glycine, aspartic acid, etc. and sugars, organic acids, and the like.


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