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Pericarpium Arecae

[Chinese medicine name] dafupi [English name] Arecae Pericarpium. [Source] Dried peel of the Areca catechu L. palm plant. Plant morphology: Trees, 10 to 18 meters high, do not branch, after the leaves fall off to form a clear ring pattern. Leaves clustered on stem apices, pinnately compound,...

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[Chinese medicine name] dafupi

[English name] Arecae Pericarpium.

[Source] Dried peel of the Areca catechu L. palm plant.

Plant morphology: Trees, 10 to 18 meters high, do not branch, after the leaves fall off to form a clear ring pattern. Leaves clustered on stem apices, pinnately compound, 1.3--2 m long, smooth, leafy triangular, lobular linear or linear, 30-60 cm long, 2.5--6 cm wide, apex acuminate, Irregular division, base narrow, smooth on both sides. The panicle is born under the sheath sheath of the lowermost leaves. It has large, bracts, long obovate, 40 cm long, smooth, inflorescences more branched, flowers unisexual, stamens 6, filaments short, anthers base. , Arrow-shaped, degenerate pistil 3, filiform, female flowers larger and less, sessile, inserted at lower part of branches, perianth 6, arranged in 2 turns, triangular-ovate, 12 to 15 mm long, with Staminodes 6, styles 3, stigmas small. Nuts are oval or oblong, 5-6 cm long, ripe orange-yellow. Flowering from March to April, fruiting from December to February of the following year. 

[Place of Origin] Born in the tropics. Cultivated in Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan and other provinces.

[Harvesting and processing]Preparation of immature fruits from winter to spring, drying after cooking, splitting two flaps longitudinally, peeling peels, commonly known as "big belly skin"; harvesting ripe fruits from late spring to early fall, and drying after cooking Peel the skin, loosen and dry it, and call it "big belly hair."

Medicinal properties Pericarpium Arecae: slightly oval or long oval scoop, 4 to 7 cm long, 2 to 3.5 cm wide, 0.2 to 0.5 cm thick. Exocarp dark brown to nearly black, with irregular longitudinal wrinkles and raised stripes, with styloid marks on top, base with stems and remaining sepals. The inner rind is brown, dark brown or dark, with a smooth crust. Lightweight, hard, visible after the longitudinal tear in the mesocarp fibers. Gas slightly, slightly astringent taste. Big belly hair: slightly oval or scoopy. Most of the outer skin has fallen off or remains. The mesocarp brown hairy, yellowish white or light brown, loose and soft. The inner rind is crustlike, yellow-brown or brown, with a smooth inner surface and sometimes longitudinally broken. Gas slightly, tasteless.

 

Pharmacological research: Pericarpium Arecae can increase the tension of the isolated intestine in rabbits, reduce the contraction amplitude, and its effect can be antagonized by atropine. Can promote gastrointestinal movement.

 

[chemical composition] Pericarpium Arecae contains a small amount of arecoline and catechins.

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