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Semen Arecae

【Chinese medicine name】binglang 【English name】 Arecae Semen 【Source】 Mature seeds of Areca catechu L. palm plant. [Plant form] Evergreen trees. Stem erect, unbranched, leaves clustered at stem apex; pinnately compound leaves, trilobal spines, long leaf sheaths. The flowers are unisexual and...

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【Chinese medicine name】binglang

【English name】 Arecae Semen

【Source】 Mature seeds of Areca catechu L. palm plant.

[Plant form] Evergreen trees. Stem erect, unbranched, leaves clustered at stem apex; pinnately compound leaves, trilobal spines, long leaf sheaths. The flowers are unisexual and inbred. The panicles are born under the sheath of the lowermost leaves. They are more branched, conical, bracts large, spathelike, male flowers small and numerous, sessile, born in the upper part of the branches, Sepals 3, minute, 3 petals; 6 stamens, 3 staminodes; female flowers large and few, sessile, branched in lower part, sepals and petals 3, staminodes 6, ovary superior, 1 room. nut.

Habitat distribution is cultivation. Distributed in Guangdong, Hainan, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangxi and other places.

【Harvesting and processing】 Harvested when the fruits mature in winter and spring. Peel the peel and take out the seeds and dry them.

【Herb character】flat spherical or conical. The surface is yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, with a slightly concave reticular groove, with a circular depression in the center of the bead, and a scarring umbilicus next to it. Hard quality, brown marble between the white seed coat and white endosperm. Gas slightly, astringent, slightly bitter.

[chemical composition] Arecae Semen contain total alkaloids 0.3% to 0.6%, mainly arecoline, and a small amount of arecoline, desmethyl arecoline, desmethyl betellate, iso-desmethyl betellate, betel nut deputy Alkali, high arecoline, stearic acid, myristic acid, levorotatory catechu, tannins, procyanidins A-1 and other ingredients, mostly in combination with tannic acid. It also contains about 15% tannins, contains Dextrose catechin, L-formula catechu extract, original cyanidins A-1, B-1 and B-2, and two aretelphrite A and B A series of compounds, both of which are dimers, trimers, tetramers, and pentamers of cyanidin.


betel nut
Areca catechu
Areca Seed
areca nut
BING LANG
Arecae Semen
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