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Semen Euryales

【Chinese medicine name】qianshi [English name] Euryales Semen. 【Source】 Mature seeds of Euonymus Eurya Le feror Salisb. 【Plant form】 Annual aquatic herb, the whole plant has many spikes. Rhizome thick and short, with white fibrous roots and inconspicuous stems. The primary leaves are submerged,...

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【Chinese medicine name】qianshi

[English name] Euryales Semen.

【Source】 Mature seeds of Euonymus  Eurya Le feror Salisb.

【Plant form】 Annual aquatic herb, the whole plant has many spikes. Rhizome thick and short, with white fibrous roots and inconspicuous stems. The primary leaves are submerged, arrow-shaped, and the later leaves float on the surface of the water. The petiole is long. The leaves are slightly heart-shaped or round-shaped. The diameter is 65-130 cm. The upper part is dark green, many folds, the deep purple below, the veins are raised, Fold up edge. The flower is purple, solitary at the top of the calyx, and the calyx is long and partly protruding from the water. The buds are closed at night, and there are 2 scapes, many petals, many stamens, lower ovary, and 8 carpels embedded in the top of the enlarged receptacle. The stigma is disc-shaped, flat, and concave. The berry is spherical, spongy, purplish-red, densely spiked, and flower buds all resemble chicken heads, so it is called "chicken head rice", the seed is spherical, black, flowering summer and autumn.

[Origin distribution] In the multiple pools, marshes and lakes, the water bottom must be loose and slimy, otherwise it is not easy to grow. Distributed in the Northeast, North China, East China, Central China and Sichuan, Guizhou and other places.

【Harvesting and Processing】After the late autumn and early winter, mature fruits are harvested, peels are removed, the seeds are taken out, washed, and the hard shell (outer seed coat) is removed and dried.

Herbal traits are spherical, mostly broken, complete diameter of 5 to 8 mm. The decayed surface has a brown-red inner seed coat, one end of which is yellowish-white, accounting for about one-third of the total, and has pit-like umbilical marks. The inner seed coat is removed and white. Harder, white section, powdery. Gas slightly, tasteless.

[chemical composition] The semen euryales mainly contains starch, protein and fat. In addition, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, niacin, and carotene are also included.


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