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Semen Pruni/Chinese Dwarf Cherry Seed

[Chinese name] yuliren [English name]Pruni Semen [Medicinal parts] Seeds of Rosaceae plant Euonymus Prunus humilis Bge. Plant morphology: deciduous shrubs, erect. Bark grayish brown, much branched, branchlets pubescent. Leaves alternate, petiole short, ca. 2 mm, stipules 2, linear, cordately...

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[Chinese name] yuliren

[English name]Pruni Semen

[Medicinal parts] Seeds of Rosaceae plant Euonymus Prunus humilis Bge.

Plant morphology: deciduous shrubs, erect. Bark grayish brown, much branched, branchlets pubescent. Leaves alternate, petiole short, ca. 2 mm, stipules 2, linear, cordately divided, caducous; leaf blade oblong or elliptic, rarely elliptic-lanceolate, apex acute or short acuminate, base Wedge-shaped, margin serrate, glabrous or velutinate between veins. Leaves of flowers open or open at the same time with leaves, solitary or 2 connate, pedicellate, glabrous; calyx campanulate, sepals 5, margins papillose; petals 5, white or nearly pink; stamens In most cases, the filaments are not equal in length; the pistil is 1 and the ovary is 1 chamber. Drupe subglobose, bright red, nuclear nearly spherical or obovate, apical microtip, surface 1 & mdash; 3 ditch. Seeds oval. Flowering from April to May and fruiting from July.


[Place of Origin] Born on a barren hillside or fixed sand dune. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia and other places.

Harvesting processing: Picking when the fruits mature in summer and autumn, removing the pulp, breaking the nucleus, removing the seeds, and drying.


[Medicine traits] Long ovoid or oval, 5 to 8 mm long and 3 to 5 mm in diameter. The surface is light brown or yellowish brown. The tip is pointed, the base is rounded, and there is a linear umbilicus on the side of the tip. The base is round, with a diameter of about 0.7 mm. At this point, most of the brown vascular texture is dissipated. The seed coat is thin, with white translucent residual endosperm on the inner surface and two cotyledons, milky white, rich in oil. Gas slightly, bitter taste.

Pharmacological studies: TLC and soluble protein electrophoresis analysis have significant significance; Yulinu Lie has a strong diarrhea effect; saponins have antitussive, expectorant, antiasthmatic effects; extracted protein components IR-AI and IR-B Intravenous injection has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.


[chemical composition] This product mainly contains amygdalin, glucosurin A, yurolin B, hawthorn glycosides, wild agar glycoside A, wild borafidoside IR-A, wild borinder IR-B, ursolic acid.


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