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Semen Sinapis Albae

[Chinese medicine name] jiezi [English name] Sinapis Semen [Medicinal parts] cruciferous plants mustard Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.et Cross. The mature seeds. [Plant morphology] Herbs of annual or biennial age, 30 to 100 cm in height. Stems erect, much branched, young shoots finely hairy, old...

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[Chinese medicine name] jiezi

[English name] Sinapis Semen

[Medicinal parts] cruciferous plants mustard Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.et Cross. The mature seeds.

[Plant morphology] Herbs of annual or biennial age, 30 to 100 cm in height. Stems erect, much branched, young shoots finely hairy, old branches smooth, sometimes slightly powdery. The basal leaves are large, split into a harp, and the apex lobes are especially grown. The lobes on both sides are very small, the leaves on the top of the stem do not divide, and are lanceolate to linear. The inflorescences are numerous, clustered into cones, flower buds 4, green, petals 4, cross-shaped, bright yellow, stamens 6, 4 strong. The silique is smooth and glabrous.

[Origin distribution] There are all over the country.

[Harvesting and processing]The plants are harvested when the fruits mature in late summer and early autumn, dried, and seeds are laid to remove impurities. Fried mustard seeds: The original drug has been decontaminated with net impurities.

[Herb character] Sinapis Semen is spherical, 1 to 2 mm in diameter. The surface is yellow to brownish and a few are dark reddish brown. After grinding and soaking in water, there is a stench of odor.

[Pharmacological research]Mussine has no stimulatory effect by itself, but it produces volatile oil after the action of mustard enzyme in water, the main component is allyl isothiocyanate, has pungent pungent and pungent effects, and it is applied to the skin and has warmth. Feels red and causes blisters and pustules. The mustard powder is usually removed with fatty oil and used as a mustard plaster to treat nerve pain, rheumatism, pleurisy, and sprains. Toxicity: Mustard oil or mustard plaster is applied to the skin. If it is too long or in high concentration, it may cause foaming and even pus. The mustard pods are very irritating to mucous membranes. 15% solution in rabbit eyes quickly causes obvious conjunctival edema. A small amount of mustard is used internally as a flavoring agent, causing a large amount of vomiting, and a greater amount causes a strong gastrointestinal irritation.

 

Chemical Composition: Sinapis Semen contains ingredients such as myrismin, glucosinolate, sinapic acid, sinapine, glucocortin, gluco brassin, erucic acid, and new glucoside.

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