【Chinese medicine name】 pangdahai [English name] Sterculiae Lychnophorae Semen. 【Source】 Mature seeds of Sterculia lychnophora Hance. [Plant form] Deciduous trees, 30 to 40 meters high. Bark rough with fine stripes. Leaves alternate, leaf blade leathery, oval or elliptic-lanceolate, 10 to 20 cm...Send Inquiry
【Chinese medicine name】 pangdahai
[English name] Sterculiae Lychnophorae Semen.
【Source】 Mature seeds of Sterculia lychnophora Hance.
[Plant form] Deciduous trees, 30 to 40 meters high. Bark rough with fine stripes. Leaves alternate, leaf blade leathery, oval or elliptic-lanceolate, 10 to 20 cm long, 6 to 14 cm wide, 3-lobed, long lobed, long lobes on both sides approximately 1/2 of the middle lobe , or slightly longer, apex obtuse or acute, base rounded or subtruncate, entire or microwave-shaped, green above, smooth and glabrous, below gray-green, petiole 5 to 15 cm, stout. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, flowers mixed with strains; calyx campanulate, 0.7-1 cm long, apex 5-parted, lobes lanceolate, outside stellate pilose; petals absent; male flowers with stamens 10-15 Anthers and filaments are pilose, infertile carpels pubescent; female flowers with pistil l. Consisting of 5 pubescent carpels, with 1 slender ovary handle, stigma 2--5-lobed, staminodes with 1 cluster of filamentous anthers, encircling ovary. 1 to 5 capsules, born on fruit stems, 18 to 24 cm long, 5 to 6 cm wide at base, apex long and acuminate, appearing as a boat, cracking at maturity, initially softened, shed. Seeds prismlike or obovate, 1.8-2.8 cm long, dark brown, wrinkled surface. Flowering in March, fruiting period from April to June.
[Place of Origin] semen sterculiae lychnophorae Born in the tropics. In recent years there have been a small number of introductions in Guangdong, Hainan, and Guangxi.
Harvesting and harvesting are harvested and dried when fruit matures from April to June.
【Herb character】 Spindle shape or oval shape. The apex is blunt, the base is slightly pointed and malleolus, with a light-colored round umbilicus, brown or dark brown surface, slightly shiny, with irregular shrinkage wrinkles. Outer seed coat is extremely thin, brittle and easy to fall off. The middle seed coat is thicker, dark brown, loose and fragile, and swells into spongy with water. Cross-section visible scattered resin-like dots. The inner seed coat can be exfoliated from the middle seed coat, slightly leathery, broadly ovate; cotyledons thin, close to the inner side of the endosperm, and large as the endosperm. Gas slightly, tasteless, chewing sticky.
Pharmacological studies diuresis; analgesia. Leachate has a laxative effect on rabbits and promotes peristalsis and defecation after serving. Decoction of seeds has blood pressure-lowering effect. It has a strong inhibitory effect on influenza virus PR6 strain. In addition, it still has antibacterial activity. And it also has some toxicity.
【Chemical composition】 semen sterculiae lychnophorae containing active ingredient: Pisaspidinum; endosperm containing volatile oil, scutellarin, etc.; seeds containing water-soluble polysaccharides, a variety of fatty acids, also containing 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, galactose, pentose, beta - sitosterol and carotenoids, etc.
|scaphium scaphigerum||10 – 100||0.02||4.66|
|sterculia scaphigera||10 – 100||0.01||0.14|
|boat-fruited sterculia seed|
|sterculia lychnophora||100 – 1000||0.03||4.44|
|Boat-fruited Scaphium Seed|
|semen sterculiae lychnophorae||10 – 100||0.01|
|PANG DA HAI|