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Semen Vaccariae

[Chinese medicine name] wangbuliuxing [English name] Vaccariae Semen. [Source] Mature seeds of Caryophyllaceae Lamba Vaccaria segetalis (Neck.) Garcke. [Plant morphology] Herbs of annual or biennial age, 30 to 70 cm in height, smooth and hairless, and white powder. Stems erect, with dichotomous...

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[Chinese medicine name] wangbuliuxing

[English name] Vaccariae Semen.

[Source] Mature seeds of Caryophyllaceae Lamba Vaccaria segetalis (Neck.) Garcke.

[Plant morphology] Herbs of annual or biennial age, 30 to 70 cm in height, smooth and hairless, and white powder. Stems erect, with dichotomous branches at the upper part, thick and short at the base near the base, slightly enlarged at the nodes, and milky white on the surface. Leaves single opposite, sessile; leaves ovate-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, apex acuminate, base rounded or subcordate, slightly connately amplexicaul, entire, both surfaces pinkish green, midvein prominent below , near the base wide. Reddish flowers in summer, sparse cymes growing on branches, stalks slender, with scaly bracts below; calyx cylindrical, enlarged 5-angled after flowering; petals 5, obovate There are irregular teeth at the apex; 10 stamens, upper ovary. The capsules are enclosed in persistent calyxes, and they show a 4-dentate crack at the tip of the mature fruit. Most seeds are dark, black, spherical, with prominent granular processes. Flowering from April to May and fruiting from June.

[Origin distribution] Semen Vaccariae was born on the slopes, roadsides and hilly wasteland, especially in wheat fields; it is also cultivated. Mainly produced in Hebei, Heilongjiang, Shandong and other places.

[Harvesting and Processing]When the seeds are ripe from June to July and the pods are not cracked, the entire plant is cut, dried, and the seeds are laid to remove impurities and dried.

[Medicine traits] spherical, about 2 mm in diameter. The surface is black, a few reddish-brown, slightly shiny, with fine granular protrusions and a concave longitudinal groove on one side. Hard, endosperm white, embryos bent into a ring. Cotyledons 2. Odorless, slightly astringent taste.

 

Pharmacological studies: Semen Vaccariae anti-implantation; anti-pregnancy; excitement of the uterus; contraction of smooth muscle and analgesic effects.

 

[Chemical Ingredients] Semen Vaccariae mainly contains saponin, saponin, multi-ring peptides, flavonoids, hydrogenated ferulic acid, uridine, royal glycosides, phytoferric glycosides, and glutenin. Tons of ketones, royal jelly xanthones, isosorbide, royal jelly saponins, D-glucose and other ingredients.

Cowherb Seed

semen vaccariae

Vaccaria segetalis

WANG  BU LIU XING

 


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