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Folium Eriobotryae

【Chinese medicine name】pipaye 【English name】Eriobotryae Folium [Source] Leaves of the Rosaceae plant Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. [Plant form] Evergreen small trees, 3 to 8 meters high. Branchlets stout, rust-colored hairs. Leaves alternate, leathery; shortly stipitate or subsessile;...

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【Chinese medicine name】pipaye

【English name】Eriobotryae Folium

[Source] Leaves of the Rosaceae plant Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.

[Plant form] Evergreen small trees, 3 to 8 meters high. Branchlets stout, rust-colored hairs. Leaves alternate, leathery; shortly stipitate or subsessile; stipules 2. Leaves long elliptic to obovate-lanceolate, apex shortly awled or acuminate, base cuneate, margin serrate, dark green above, glossy, densely rust-colored hairs below, lateral veins 12 to 15 pairs. Inflorescences terminal, densely rust-colored hairs, densely branched; flowers dense, bracts brownish hairs; calyx tube pot-shaped, yellow-green, densely velvety; petals 5, white, obovate, filaments base thicker, slightly presenting Triangle; ovary inferior, outer hair long, 5-locular, stigma capitate. Fruit berry fruit, ovate, elliptic or suborbicular, yellow or orange.

【Origin distribution】 Multi-planted in the village, flat or slope. Located in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Shaanxi and south of the Yangtze River basin.

Harvesting and harvesting can be harvested throughout the year, and most of them are harvested from April to May. This product is used for splitting and candied fruit. When used, spray with water, shred, and dry. Candied leaves, take shredded leaves, stir fry with honey, until the cool is not sticky. For every 100 kilograms of silk, use 20 kg of honey.

Medicinal properties traits: oblong or obovate. Tip tip, base wedge, edge sparsely serrated, near base entire. The upper surface is gray-green, yellow-brown or reddish-brown and smooth; the lower surface is covered with yellow hairs, the main veins protrude prominently on the lower surface, and the lateral veins are pinnate; the petioles are very short and are brownish-brown hairy. Leathery and brittle, easy to break. Odorless, slightly bitter taste.

Pharmacological studies have a sedative, antiasthmatic, and antitussive effect on the respiratory center. Topical application has a strong inhibitory effect on carrageenan edema, which can significantly reduce urine glucose in genetically diabetic mice and normal mice. Clinical trials to treat nephritis edema, acne and so on. The decoction or ethyl acetate extract has a role of expectorant and asthma, and the volatile oil has a slight expectorant effect. In addition, saponin is also the main component of loquat leaf cough. Ethanol extracts are administered or used locally for anti-inflammatory effects. In addition, it also has antibacterial, hypoglycemic and anti-tumor effects.

[chemical composition] loquat leaf containing volatile oil 0.045% ~ 0.108%, the main components of nerolidol, linalool and its oxides. The triterpene compounds are derivatives of ursolic acid, oleanolic acid or poncemic acid as a parent. The sesquiterpenoid glycoside I can be used as a specific ingredient for qualitative identification. It also contains monocyclic sesquiterpene glycosides, amygdalin, and organic acids, farnesol, β-sitosterol, maslic acid, and tannic acid.


eriobotrya japonica leaf10 – 1000
loquat leaf tea100 – 10000.992.96
loquat leaf extract10 – 1000.415.43
eriobotrya japonica leaf extract10 – 1000.080.35
folium eriobotryae100 – 10000.01
eriobotrya japonica lindl10 – 1000
pi pa ye100 – 10000.015.72
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