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Folium Perillae

[Chinese name] Perilla leaves zisuye [alias] Su Ye, seaweed, and Su. 【English name】Perillae Folium 【Source】 Dry leaves (or with twigs) of Lami Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. 【Plant form】 Annual herb, 30-200 cm high. With a special fragrance. Stems erect, much branched, purple, green-purple or...

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[Chinese name] Perilla leaves zisuye

[alias] Su Ye, seaweed, and Su.

【English name】Perillae Folium

【Source】 Dry leaves (or with twigs) of Lami Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.

【Plant form】 Annual herb, 30-200 cm high. With a special fragrance. Stems erect, much branched, purple, green-purple or green, obtusely 4-angled, densely villous. Leaves opposite; petiole 3 to 5 cm long, purple or green, long hairy; leaf blade broadly ovate, ovate or ovate-triangular, 4 to 13 cm long, 2.5 to 10 cm wide, apex acuminate Or apical, sometimes shortly caudate, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin coarsely serrate, sometimes serrulate darkly or lobed, purple on both surfaces or only purple below, sparsely villous on both upper and lower surfaces, densely enclosed along leaf veins There are fine oil glands below the leaves; 7 to 8 pairs of lateral veins, located slightly closer to the lower part and rising obliquely. Round umbel, composed of 2 flowers to one's side to form a raceme, terminal and axillary, inflorescence densely villous; bracts ovate, ovate-triangular or lanceolate, entire, ciliate, outside Glandular, marginal membranous; pedicel 1-1.5 mm long, densely pilose; calyx campanulate, ca. 3 mm, 10-veined, outer lower densely villous and with yellow glandular spots, apical 5-toothed, 2 Lip, upper lip wide, with 3 teeth, lower lip with 2 teeth, results increase, base saccate; corolla lip, 3 to 4 mm long, white or purple, corolla tube hairy ring, outside the soft Hair, slightly concave upper lip, lower lip 3-lobed, lobes suborbicular, middle lobe larger; stamens 4, two strong, born in the middle of corolla tube, few out of corolla, anther 2 rooms; disk in front of inflated Pistil 1, ovary 4-lobed, style base attached, stigma 2-lobed; disk swelled in front; gynoecium 1, ovary 4-lobed, style base attached, stigma 2-lobed. Nutlets nearly spherical, gray-brown or brown, 1 to 1.3 mm in diameter, with a reticulate, about 10 mm long. Flowering from June to August, fruiting period from July to September.

[Origin distribution] widely cultivated throughout the country.

【Harvesting and processing】 Harvested when the summer foliage is lush, remove impurities and dry.

【Medicine traits】The Perillae Folium are mostly curled and crumbled, broken, and the intact leaves are oval after being flattened. They are 6 to 14 cm long and 3 to 11 cm wide. Apex long or acute, base wide cuneate, margin with a circular sawtooth; both sides are dark green, softened; petiole length 2.5 to 8 cm, densely covered with white fur. Crisp, gas-flavored and slightly pungent.

[Tropism of taste] is warm and spicy. By the lungs, spleen.

【Efficacy and Function】 The table is cold and dispelling, and it has an air and stomach.

[Clinical application]appropriate amount, perfumed, powdered, or decocted. For cold, cold, cough, vomiting, pregnancy vomiting, fish and crab poisoning.

【Pharmacological studies】Sedative and weak antipyretic effects; Can inhibit the excitatory membrane; Can promote the secretion of digestive juice, enhance gastrointestinal motility; The respiratory system, can produce cough and expectorant asthma, the blood system , With dual hemostatic and anticoagulant effects; Elevated blood glucose; Regulatory immune function, with anti-mutagenic ability; Antimicrobial, with a broad-spectrum antibacterial effect. It has a mild inhibitory effect on adenylate cyclase, a strong xanthine oxidase inhibitory effect, a significant antioxidant effect, and an anti-inflammatory effect.

[chemical composition] The Perillae Folium contains perilla aldehyde, perilla ketone, white ketone, menthol, alkaloid glycosides, New Zealand Vitexin II, luciferin and other ingredients.


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