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Herba Agrimoniae

[Chinese medicine name] xianhecao [English name] Agrimoniae Herba [Source] The aboveground part of the Rosaceae plant Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 50 to 100 cm tall. All have white hairs. Rhizomes brown, traversed, short cylindrical, sometimes divergent, with slender...

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[Chinese medicine name] xianhecao

[English name] Agrimoniae Herba

[Source] The aboveground part of the Rosaceae plant Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.

Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 50 to 100 cm tall. All have white hairs. Rhizomes brown, traversed, short cylindrical, sometimes divergent, with slender fibrous roots, when the aboveground part of the autumn withered, from the short year of the rhizome of the year a winter bud, white, conical, curved upwards. Stems erect, green, purplish when old, upper branches. Leaves alternate, simple pinnate, leaflets 7 to 21, elliptic-ovate or obovate, apex pointed, base cuneate, both surfaces green, villous, densely covered with small golden glands below. In the summer, the stalks have a slender raceme and many yellow flowers. Sepals 2; incones obconical; petals 5, oblong and obovate, apex slightly dimpled; stamens 10 or more; carpels 2, fitting, with 2 styles exposed above. The achenes are small, hidden inside a bowl with a slotted and barbed spine at the top. Flower and fruit period from May to December.

[Origin distribution] was born in the mountains, grass slopes, roadside. Most parts of the country are distributed.

[Harvesting and Processing]Splendids are harvested in the summer and autumn when the stems and leaves are lush, and impurities are removed and dried.

[Medicine traits]The whole length is 50 to 100 cm. It is covered with white pilose. The stem is cylindrical below, 4 to 6 mm in diameter, reddish-brown, upper columnar, slightly concave on all sides, greenish-brown, with longitudinal grooves and ridges. Festival; body light, hard, easy to break, hollow section. Single pinnate alternate, dark green, crumpled and curled; crispy, fragile; leaf size 2 species, interphase born on leaf axis, apical lobe larger, full small leaves flattened oval or oblong Shaped, apex pointed, base cuneate, margin serrate; stipules 2, constricted, obliquely ovate. The racemes are slender, the lower part of the calyx is tube-shaped, the upper part of the calyx tube is barbed, the tip is 5 cracked, and the petals are yellow. Gas slightly, bitter taste.

Pharmacological studies have anticoagulant and antithrombotic effects; have anti-tumor effects and have a good killing effect against vaginal trichomoniasis. Agrimony has hemostatic effects, regulates heart rate, increases cellular resistance, lowers blood sugar, and reduces inflammation. Winter buds contain phenolic compounds, cranetol, and winter buds and roots have a strong role in driving aphids against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella flexneri, and Salmonella typhi were all inhibitory.

 

Chemical composition: Contains agrimonoid, intracranial fat, tannin, sterols, organic acids, phenolic components, saponins, flavonoid glycosides, kaempferol-7-rhamnoside, rutoside, luteolin-7-glucose Glycosides, gallic acid and other ingredients.

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