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Herba Dianthi

[Chinese medicine name] qumai [English name] Dianthi Herba. [Source] The aboveground part of Dianthus superbus L. or Dianthus chinensis L. of the family Dianthus. Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 30-50 cm tall. Stems clustered, erect, base slightly slender, upper branches, cylindrical, lower...

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[Chinese medicine name] qumai

[English name] Dianthi Herba.

[Source] The aboveground part of Dianthus superbus L. or Dianthus chinensis L. of the family Dianthus.

Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 30-50 cm tall. Stems clustered, erect, base slightly slender, upper branches, cylindrical, lower internodes short, smooth, the whole was white-green. Leaves opposite, sessile, leaf blade broadly lanceolate, apex acuminate, base narrowed into short sheath encircling, margin serrate or entire. Summer open white or red flowers, flowers solitary or several clusters to generate cymes, infraorbital bracts are oval, about 1/4 of the fistula; petals 5, apex cut to below the middle of the filamentous Stamens 10, upper ovary, 1 cell, style 2. The capsule is wrapped in the existing fistula and the apex is split. Flowering from June to September, fruiting period from July to October.

[Origin of origin] was born in the edge of forests on the slopes and in the stream grasses, distributed throughout the country.

[Harvesting and processing] Summer, autumn flower and fruit harvesting, removing impurities and drying.

[Medicine traits]The stem is cylindrical, with branches on the upper surface, light green or yellow-green on the surface, smooth and glabrous. The section is obvious, slightly enlarged, and the section is hollow. The leaves are opposite to each other, shrinking more and more, flattening the leaves to stripe-shaped lanceolate. Branches with flowers and fruit, calyx tube, bracts 4-6, broadly ovate, ca. 1/4 as long as calyx tube; petals brown-purple or brown-yellow, curled, apex deeply fissured. Capsules are long and tubular, and they are equally long. Seeds are small, mostly. Odorless, tasteless.


Pharmacological studies Pharmacological studies have shown that diuresis and lowering blood pressure have significant inhibitory effects on isolated frog hearts and rabbit hearts; slight hemolysis is also present; Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, and Fusarium dysenteriae Bacillus and Pseudomonas have inhibitory effects.


[chemical composition] contains saponins, carbohydrates, vitamin A-like substances. Whole grass still contains a small amount of alkaloids, etoposide-6-cis-α-D-glucopyranoside, etoposide-6-trans-α-D-glucopyranoside, anethole, buckwheat Saponin, pyranone, methyl salicylate and other ingredients.

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Herba Dianthi

 


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