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Herba Hedyoti

【Chinese medicine name】baihuasheshecao [English name] Herba Hedyotidis [Source] Rubiaceae Hedyotis Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd) Roxb. 【Plant form】 Annual herb. Stems slightly flat and slender. Leaves opposite, membranous, sessile, linear, apically acute, with only one main vein; stipules basally...

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【Chinese medicine name】baihuasheshecao

[English name] Herba Hedyotidis

[Source] Rubiaceae Hedyotis Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd) Roxb.

【Plant form】 Annual herb. Stems slightly flat and slender. Leaves opposite, membranous, sessile, linear, apically acute, with only one main vein; stipules basally connate, apex ridged. Flowering in spring and summer; flowers solitary or born in leaf axils, without pedicel or with short pedicels; tube glabrous, 4-lobed, lobes oblong-lanceolate, apex acuminate, margin ciliolate; corolla white, tubular, Apical 4-lobed, lobes ovate-oblong; 4 stamens inserted in throat of crown tube, anthers protruding outside crown tube; styles apically 2-lobed, lobes extended. Capsule membranous, spheroidal, with persistent calyx lobes at the top. The seeds are small and ribbed. Fruit period from August to September.

[Origin distribution] was born in the field of paddy fields and wet ground. Distributed in Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi and other places.

[Harvest processing] Summer harvest, wash, fresh or dried.

【Herb character】 The whole Herba Hedyotidis diffusae grass twisted into a mass, grayish green or gray brown. There is a main root, slender roots. The stems are thin and curly, crisp and easily broken, and the center has a white pith. Leaves more broken, very shrinking, easy to fall off; stipules. Flowers bloom, many stems. Gas slightly, tasteless.

【Pharmacological studies】 Enhance immune function; Antibacterial effect, anti-tumor; Significant inhibitory effect on large doses of rabbit intestine in vitro, and anti-acetylcholine or epinephrine-induced intestinal excitability or inhibition. Enhances adrenocortical function.

Chemical composition: There are 34 compounds extracted from Herba Hedyotidis diffusae volatile oil, the most important of which are p-vinyl phenol, vinyl guaiacol, and linalool. In addition, it contains 2-methyl-3-hydroxy-4-methoxyguanidine, carboglucuronic acid, and tildeside.


Hedyotis diffusa
Spreading Hedyotis Herb
oldenlandia diffusa
Oldenlandia
BAI HUA SHE SHE CAO
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