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Herba Lycopodii

[Herbal name] shenjincao [Source] Lycopodium lycopodium Lycopodium clavatum L. plant with roots. [Plant morphology] Perennial herb, lying on the lower part of the main stem, rooting everywhere, upright stem height 15 to 30 centimeters, upper branches of vegetative shoots, dense leaves. The...

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[Herbal name] shenjincao

[Source] Lycopodium lycopodium Lycopodium clavatum L. plant with roots.

[Plant morphology] Perennial herb, lying on the lower part of the main stem, rooting everywhere, upright stem height 15 to 30 centimeters, upper branches of vegetative shoots, dense leaves. The leaves are linear-shaped or slightly sickle-shaped, spirally arranged, with long-tailed tails that easily fall off, full or micro-serrated. Sporophyte branches grow from vegetative branches of two or three years old, much higher than vegetative shoots. Sporocysts are rod-shaped, stalked, usually 2-6 in general, spores ovate-triangular, apex with long tips, margins There are micro-sawtooth, twins a lying sporangia. The spores are tetrahedral and have dense meshes and small projections. From July to August, the spores matured.

[Origin distribution] Born in 290 to 2300 meters above sea level in open forests and streams in acidic soils. Distributed in the Northeast, North China, East China and other places.

[Cultivation and Processing] Summer and autumn when stems and leaves are luxuriant, they are uprooted, remove dirt, impurities, and dried.

Herbal Characters: The stems of Stone Pine are cylindrical, slender and curved, up to 2 meters in length, and 2 to 5 mm in diameter. The surface is light green or yellow, tough and hard to break; the section is light yellow and the center has a white wood heart. Most yellow-white adventitious roots under the stolon. Dichotomous branches, leaves densely dense, linearly subulate, often shrinking and curved; 3 to 5 mm long, 0.3 to 0.8 mm wide; yellow-green or gray-green, apex awns, whole or microsawtooth, veins Not obvious. Branches sometimes have erected sporangial spikes. Qi and tasteless. Yellow-green, no impurities are preferred.

 

Pharmacological studies are highly sensitive to Shigella flexneri and Shigella dysenteriae and moderately sensitive to Shigella dysenteriae. However, another report pointed out that this product has no antibacterial effect. The water cooling and ethanol extracts of Rhizoma lycopersicans had a significant effect on cooling the experimental febrile rabbits. Animal experiments have shown that Elymus can significantly prolong the sleeping time of pentobarbital-suppressed mice; alcohol extracts (1 g/ml) of this product are fed to mice at 0.5 ml per animal, which has long-lasting and mild analgesic effect. However, its role is still weaker than the current strong analgesics.

 

[chemical composition] contains a variety of alkaloids, triterpenoids and a small amount of flavonoid compounds, acidic substances, lithophylline, nicotine, a-manicapol, 16-oxygenated sorbitatrione and other ingredients.

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