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Herba Patriniae

[Chinese medicine name] baijiangcao [English name] Herba Patriniae [Source] Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. or Patrinia villosa (Thunb.) Juss. [Phytomorphology] Perennial herb. The underground stems are slender and horizontal, with special odors. Basal leaves opposite, leaf blade lanceolate or...

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[Chinese medicine name] baijiangcao

[English name] Herba Patriniae

[Source] Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. or Patrinia villosa (Thunb.) Juss.

[Phytomorphology] Perennial herb. The underground stems are slender and horizontal, with special odors. Basal leaves opposite, leaf blade lanceolate or ovate, 2- or 3-pinnately deeply lobed, central lobe larger, elliptic or ovate, lobes narrowly ovate to bar-shaped on both sides, sparsely shaggy on both surfaces or near. Hairless. Thymbi inflorescences terminal, usually 5 ~ 9 sequence integration sparse umbrella-shaped; sepals small; flowers small, yellow, calyx is not obvious; corolla short, 5 crack; stamens 4; ovary lower. Achenes oval, with 3 edges. Flowering from July to September.

[Origin distribution] was born under the forest, roadside, and ditch. Distributed in Sichuan, Jiangxi, Fujian and other places.

[harvesting and processing] Before summer flowering, excavation, drying to a half dry, bundled into bundles, then dry.

[Herb character] 50 to 100 cm in total length. The rhizomes are cylindrical, mostly curved to one side, and have a diameter of 0.3 to 1 cm. The surface is dark brown to purple-brown and has knots. The internode length is not more than 2 cm and fine roots are present. Stem cylindrical, diameter of 0.2 to 0.8 cm; surface yellow-green to yellow-brown, obvious section, often inverted shag, brittle, middle section of the pulp or small hollow. Leaves opposite, leaf blade thin, multi-constricted or broken, intact flattened to feathered to full cracked, 5 to 11 lobes, apex lobes larger, oblong or ovate, lobes narrowly elliptic on both sides Shape to strip, rough edges on the edges, dark green or yellow brown on the surface, the lower surface color is light, both sides sparsely white hair, petiole short or nearly sessile, base slightly hold the stem; stem upper leaves smaller, often 3 Fissures, lobes narrow and long, some branches with corymbose cycads. Gas specific, slightly bitter taste.

Pharmacological studies Animal experiments have shown that extracts can promote hepatocyte regeneration, prevent liver cell degeneration, and improve liver function; alcohol extracts have a significant sedative effect. In vitro tests have a strong inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic streptococcus, and Escherichia coli.


[chemical composition] containing volatile oil, mainly for the sauce, different sauce, and the other containing saponin A, Prunus saponin B, Prunus saponin C, Prunus saponin D, Prunus saponin E, Yellow flower Patrinia saponin F, Huanghua Patrione G and oleanolic acid. It also contains ingredients such as Patrinia, ivy saponin, β-sitosterol-β-D-glucoside, and saponin.

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