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Herba Violae

【Chinese medicine name】 zihuadiding [English name] Violae Herba. 【Source】 Viola yedoensis Makino, the whole plant of Violaceum sinensis. Plant morphology Perennial herb, without stems above ground. Rhizomes are short and dense. The main root is thick, with several fine roots. Leaves numerous,...

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【Chinese medicine name】 zihuadiding

[English name] Violae Herba.

【Source】 Viola yedoensis Makino, the whole plant of Violaceum sinensis.

Plant morphology Perennial herb, without stems above ground. Rhizomes are short and dense. The main root is thick, with several fine roots. Leaves numerous, basal, rosettelike; leaf blade lower usually smaller, triangular-ovate or narrowly ovate, apex rounded, base truncate or broadly cuneate, sparsely cordate, margin shallowly crenate, both surfaces glabrous Or thin short hair, increased fruit blade; stipules membranous, pale or pale green, 2/3 ~ 4/5 with petiole joint, separated part of the linear lanceolate. Flowers symmetrical on both sides, with long stems; petals lavender or purple, thinly white, throat light with purple stripes; sepals 5, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, base appendages rectangular or semi-circular, Top rounded or truncate; petals 5, obovate or oblong-obovate; stamens 5, ovary ovate, glabrous, style clavate, stigma triangular. Seeds ovoid, pale yellow. Flowering from March to April, fruiting period from May to September.

[Origin distribution] was born on the roadside, forest edge, bushes, wasteland, dampness and water ditch. Mainly produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other places.

【Harvesting and Processing】In spring and autumn, the whole plant is harvested, washed and dried.

【Herb character】 wrinkled into a group. The main root is conical, with a diameter of 1 to 3 mm. Leaves clustered, grayish green, spreading after spreading, leaf blades lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-5.6 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, apex obtuse, base truncate or cordate, margin obtusely serrate; both surfaces Hairy; petiole slender, 2 to 6 cm long, with a narrow upper wing. Stalks slender; petals 5, flowers purple or pale brown, rectangular tubular, capsule usually triangular-shaped, mostly yellowish seeds inside. Gas micro, taste bitter and sticky.

Pharmacological research has anti-pathogenic microorganisms. A high molecular compound with high activity against type I HIV in vitro and sulfonated polysaccharides with a molecular weight of 10,000 to 15,000 were isolated from whole plants. This product has antibacterial, gallbladder, diuretic and laxative effects; Staphylococcus aureus, Catascus, streptococcus, pneumococcus have inhibitory effects.

[chemical composition] herba violae contains glycosides, flavonoids, mucilage, palmitic acid and so on. It also contains p-hydroxybenzoic acid, trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid, kaempferol-3-0-rhamnoside and other ingredients.


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