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Siegesbeckiae Herba

【Chinese medicine name】Siegesbeckiae Herba xixiancao [English name] Siegesbeckiae Herba. 【Source】 Compositae Siegesbeckia orientalis L. glandular stalk Siegesbeckia pubescens Makino or the dry terrestrial part of Siegesbeckia glabrescens Makino. 【Plant form】 Siegesbeckiae Herba: annual herb,...

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【Chinese medicine name】Siegesbeckiae Herba xixiancao

[English name] Siegesbeckiae Herba.

【Source】 Compositae Siegesbeckia orientalis L. glandular stalk Siegesbeckia pubescens Makino or the dry terrestrial part of Siegesbeckia glabrescens Makino.

【Plant form】 Siegesbeckiae Herba: annual herb, 30-100 cm high, white pilose. Stems erect, square, often purple, densely pubescent above branches. Leaves opposite, middle stem triangular-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 4 to 10 cm long, 1.8 to 6.5 cm wide, coats on both sides, glands below, margins irregularly serrate, shortest at top. It is purplish-brown and stalked glandular hairs, ray flowers yellow, female, slightly shorter, as long as 2.5 mm, tubular flowers bisexual. The achene is slightly swollen and often curved, 3 to 3.5 mm long, without crest. Flowering from May to July, fruiting period from July to September. Adenosquama: annual herb, plant height 40 to 100 cm. Stems erect, upper dichotomously branched, grayish villous and hirsute hairs developed. Basal leaves ovate-lanceolate, withered at anthesis, middle leaves ovate or ovate-ovate, 3 to 12 cm long, 3 to 8 cm wide, apex acuminate, base broadly cuneate, winged and extended to 1–1 3 cm shank with irregular coarse teeth on the edges, dark green above, pale green below, base 3 veins, lateral veins and reticulate veins distinct, pubescent pubescent on both surfaces, villous along veins. Heads, 1.5 to 1.8 cm in diam., peduncle 3 to 5 mm in length, densely purple-brown headed with trichome glandular hairs and villous. The general scorpion is broadly bell-shaped. The total sepals are densely covered with purple-brown horny trichome glandular hairs. The outer layer is 5 pieces, and the thread-shaped spatula is 7 to 12 mm long. The inner layer is oblong and 3.5 mm long. The rayed flower is yellow, and the tip of the tongue is 3 teeth cracked and the tubular flower is yellow. Achenes, obovate, 2.5-3.5 mm long. Flowering and fruiting period from August to September. Hairy stems: annual herb, relatively thin, about 50 cm tall. Stems erect, square, purplish, non-dichotomous branches on stem, sparsely flat pubescent. Leaves opposite, finely rounded, sometimes triangular-ovate, both surfaces hairy, margin serrate, stipitate. Most flower heads. Arranged in a conical peduncle, sparsely flat pubescent, stigmatic bar-shaped, rayate yellow, female, ca. 2 mm, tubular flowers bisexual. The achenes are slightly swollen and curved, about 2 mm long. Flowering from August to October, fruiting period from October to November.

[Origin distribution] Siegesbeckiae Herba: Born on the hillside, roadside, forest edge. It is mainly produced in Qinling and south of the Yangtze River basin. Adenoids: Born on hillside or roadside grasslands. It is mainly produced in Northeast China, North China, East China and Hunan, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, and Sichuan. Hairy stem borer: Born on the hillside, roadside. Mainly produced in the south of the Yangtze River and the provinces and regions in the southwest.

[harvesting] The summer and autumn seasons can be cut before flowering and flowering to remove impurities and dry.

【Medicine traits】Stems are slightly square-shaped, multi-branched, 30-110 cm long, 0.3-1 cm in diameter, gray-green, yellow-brown or violet-brown on the surface, longitudinal grooves and fine vertical stripes, gray-gray hairy, Obviously, slightly enlarged; crisp, easy to break, yellow-white or greenish cross-section, wide pith, white, hollow. The leaves are opposite, and the leaves are mostly shrinking and curling. After flattening, they are ovoid, gray-green, with serrated edges on the edges, white soft hairs on both sides, and three main veins. Some have visible yellow heads and a total of scallops. Gas slightly, bitter taste.

【Pharmacological studies】 Anti-inflammatory effects; Antihypertensive and vasodilating effects; Anti-pathogenic microorganisms; Herba Decoction has significant inhibitory effects on cellular and humoral immunity; Hairygrass alcohol extract 1.7 g (raw medicine ) / kg dose, there is a significant anti-pregnancy effect; bark grass solution of 0.6 g / ml on the recovery of mesenteric microcirculation in the blood flow has a significant role in the recovery, the role of Danshen injection 0.3 g / ml equivalent.

【Chemical Ingredients】Siegesbeckiae Herba: Steroids containing β-isobutyryloxy-deoxylactalactone, gland stalks: wholegrass with glandular stalks, glandular sterols, glandular tannin, hair Scallops: The whole herb contains terpene alcohol, dilute contains benzyl alcohol, 16-acetyl benzyl alcohol, isopropylidene benzyl alcohol.


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Extracted From

herba siegesbeckiae

10 – 100

0.05

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

xi xian cao

100 – 1000

0.22

2.2

 

 

 

N

N

 

xi xian cao tea

10 – 100

0.3

1.11

 

 

 

N

N

 

siegesbeckia orientalis extract

10 – 100

0.15

0.67

 

 

 

N

N

 

siegesbeckia

100 – 1000

0.03

0.51

 

 

 

N

N

 

siegesbeckia pubescens

10 – 100

0.01

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

sigesbeckia orientalis

100 – 1000

0

2.51

 

 

 

N

N

 

 

10 – 100

0.04

0.23

 

 

 

N

N

 

siegesbeckiae herba

10 – 100

0.06

1

 

 

 

N

N

 

siegesbeckiae

10 – 100

0.04

0.64

 

 

 

N

N

 

Siegesbeckia orientalis L

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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