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Spica Prunellae

【Chinese medicine name】xiakucao [English name] Prunellae Spica. 【Source】 Ears of Pleurotus Prunella vulgaris L. in the Labiatae family. Plant morphology: Perennial herb, stoloniferous. Stems are square, erect, up to 40 cm, reddish, with raised hairs. Leaves opposite, ovate or ovate oblong, 1.5...

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【Chinese medicine name】xiakucao

[English name] Prunellae Spica.

【Source】 Ears of Pleurotus Prunella vulgaris L. in the Labiatae family.

Plant morphology: Perennial herb, stoloniferous. Stems are square, erect, up to 40 cm, reddish, with raised hairs. Leaves opposite, ovate or ovate oblong, 1.5 to 6 cm long, 0.5 to 2.5 cm wide, whole or sparsely toothed, hairs on both sides, fine spots below, base leaves long-stemmed. Inflorescences densely integrated with terminal pseudo-pionose inflorescences; sepals heart-shaped, with a pointed tip; calyx lips, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip 2-toothed, fruit matured as the lower lip 2 teeth obliquely upward and closed; corolla Violet, blue-violet or reddish-purple, upper lip helmet-shaped, lower lip 3-lobed, with fringed-like lobes on the edge of the middle lobe, hairy ring at base of corolla tube; 4 stamens, 2 strong, 2-wired at the top of the filament, a fork with medicine Ovary superior, 4 cracked. Nutlets are round-ovate. Flowering from April to June, fruiting period from June to October.

【Origin distribution】 Born on the roadside, hillside, fields, grass. Most parts of the country are distributed.

【Harvesting and Processing】The summer ear is harvested in reddish brown color, removes foreign matter and ear stalk, and dried.

【Medicine traits】stick-shaped, slightly flat, length 1.5 to 8 cm, diameter 0.8 to 1.5 cm, light brown or brown-red. The whole panicle consisted of several rounds to ten rounds of Sudden and sepals. Each round had two pairs of raw sepals, showing a fan-shaped, apex-tailed, vein pattern, and a white hair on the outer surface. There are 3 flowers in each bract, the corolla has fallen off, and the buns have two lips. There are 4 small nuts inside, oval, brown, with white protrusions at the tip. Light body. Gas slightly, tasteless.

Pharmacological studies have antihypertensive, antiarrhythmic, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive, hypoglycemic, antibacterial, antiviral, and anticytotoxic effects.

[chemical composition] TLC identification showed that the ear (reddish brown, cyan, black) at different growth stages contained ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, caffeic acid, gallic acid, Prunella saponin A, Prunella saponin B , Umbelliferone, oleic acid and other ingredients, the black ear contains a lower amount of ursolic acid, while the roots and stems and leaves can not detect ursolic acid and oleanolic acid.


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