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Notopterygium Root

【Chinese medicine name】notopterygium root qianghuo [English name] Notopterygii Rhizoma Et Radix. [Source] Dry roots and roots of Notopterycium incisum Ting ex H.T. Chang or Notopterygium, franchetii H. de Boiss. 【Plant form】 notopterygium root is a perennial herb with a height of 60-120 cm....

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【Chinese medicine name】notopterygium root qianghuo

[English name] Notopterygii Rhizoma Et Radix.

[Source] Dry roots and roots of Notopterycium incisum Ting ex H.T. Chang or Notopterygium, franchetii H. de Boiss.

【Plant form】 notopterygium root is a perennial herb with a height of 60-120 cm. Thick rhizomes. Stems erect, hollow, surface lavender, with straight vertical stripes. The basal leaves and lower leaves of the stems are long-stemmed, with three or three pinnate leaves and three to four pairs of leaflets. The edges of the distal lobe are not cut-like and shallowly to pinnae-lobed. The upper part of the stem is simplified into a sheath. No handle. Umbrella terminal or axillary. Petals white or greenish white, ovate or oblong-ovate, ca. 1.5 mm long, apically rounded, reflexed, fruit oblong, 5–6 mm long, main ribs expanded to wings, wings wide, or not Uniform width, groove 3 tubing, commissure 6 tubing. Flowering from July to August, fruiting period from August to September.

【Origin distribution】 The notopterygium root is born under the forest edge and shrubs at an altitude of 1,600 to 5,000 meters above sea level. Distributed in Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Tibet and other provinces, mainly produced in Sichuan.

【Harvesting and Processing】The spring and autumn seasons excavate and dig, remove notopterygium root, and dry them.

Herb notopterygium root: for the cylindrical slightly curved roots, length 4 to 13 cm, diameter 0.6 to 2.5 cm, the top with scars. The surface is tan to dark brown, and the peeling surface is yellow. The period between the festivals is shortened. It is a ring that is closely bulging and resembles silkworm. It is commonly known as "silkworm cocoon"; the internodes are extended and shaped like a bamboo-like shape, and they are commonly called "bamboo frieze." There are many punctate or knob-like root marks and brown broken scales on the section. Light weight, crisp, easy to break, cross-section is not smooth, there are many cracks, the skin is yellow-brown to dark brown, oily, with brown oil, yellow and white wood, ray obvious, yellow to yellow brown pith. Gas smell, taste bitter and pungent. Broadleaf aphids: Roots and roots. Rhizomes cylindrical, with stem and leaf sheath residues at the top, roots conical, with longitudinal wrinkles and lenticels; surface brown, close rhizomes at the roots, 8 to 15 cm long, 1 to 3 cm in diameter , commonly known as "artifacts." Some rhizomes are thick, irregularly nodular, with a few stem bases at the top and smaller roots, which are commonly referred to as "big head lice." It is crunchy, easily broken, slightly flat in profile, light brown in the skin, and yellowish-white in the wood. Live odor is lighter.

[Clinical application] The dosage of notopterygium rootis 6-12 grams, orally: decoction; or into pills and powder. With a cold to cure cold, headache, strong items, rheumatism, pain, shoulder pain.

Pharmacological studies: Antipyretic activity has antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-myocardial ischemia, anti-arrhythmia, anti-thrombosis, anti-epilepsy, anti-oxidation, antibacterial, prolonged sleep time, cancer suppression and other effects:

【Chemical Ingredients】 notopterygium root contains coumarin compounds, phenolic compounds, volatile oils (about 2.7%), fatty acids, amino acids, carbohydrates, and phenylethyl ferulate. The underground part of the broadleaved earthworm contains coumarin compounds, phenolic compounds, and β-sitosterol glucones and volatile oils. In addition, it contains stilbene alcohol, isoimperatorin, isoindigolactone, purpuric acid aglycone, scopolamine, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, and bergapten.


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