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Radix Clematidis

[Chinese medicine name]weilingxian [English name] Clematidis Radix Et Rhizoma. [Source] Ranunculaceae plant Clematis chinensis Osbeck. Clematis hexapetala Pall. or Clematis manshurica Rupr. Root and rhizome of Northeast Clematis. (This article takes Clematis as an example. The right figure is...

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[Chinese medicine name]weilingxian

[English name] Clematidis Radix Et Rhizoma.

[Source] Ranunculaceae plant Clematis chinensis Osbeck. Clematis hexapetala Pall. or Clematis manshurica Rupr. Root and rhizome of Northeast Clematis. (This article takes Clematis as an example. The right figure is also Clematis.)

[Plant morphology]The vines are dried when the plants are dry. Roots clustered on massive rhizomes, slender cylindrical. Stem with distinct stripes, subglabrous. Leaves opposite, 1 pinnate compound, leaflets 5, slightly leathery, narrowly ovate or triangular-ovate, apex obtuse or acuminate, base rounded or broadly cuneate, entire, 3 main veins, above There are fine hairs along the veins and no hair below. Inflorescences terminal and axillary; total sepals narrowly linear, densely finely white-brown; sepals 4, sometimes 5, petaloid, oblong-obovate, white or greenish white, outer white pilose, medial smooth glabrous; stamens numerous, Unequal length, flat filaments; carpels numerous, free, densely white hairs on ovary and style. Achenes are flattened, slightly finely short-haired, styles present, elongated into white feathers. Flowering from May to June, fruiting period from June to July.

[Origin distribution] Clematis is mainly found in valleys, hillside forests, or in bushes. Distributed in Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places.

[harvesting] The excavation was carried out in the autumn and the sediment was removed and dried.

[Herb character] Root and columnar, 1.5 to 10 cm in length, 0.3 to 1.5 cm in diameter; light brownish brown on the surface; top residue stem base; tougher quality, cross-section fibrous; many fine roots on the underside. The root is elongated and slender, slightly curved, 7 to 15 cm long and 0.1 to 0.3 cm in diameter; the surface is dark brown, with fine vertical lines, and some of the skin falls off, exposing the yellow-white wood; hard and brittle, easily broken, The cross-section of the skin is relatively wide, the wood is light yellow, slightly square, and there is often a crack between the skin and the wood. Gas slightly, tasteless.

[Clinical application] treatment of rheumatism, pain, limb numbness, tendon arrest, flexion and extension unfavorable, osteophytes throat. With analgesic, anti-malarial, hypoglycemic, gallbladder, enhance esophageal motility, soften the fish bone spurs, loose pharynx, esophagus and intestinal smooth muscle and other effects.

Pharmacological studies have enhanced circadian or relaxant effects on smooth muscle, with analgesic, gallbladder, induction, anti-microbial, anti-diuretic, lower blood pressure and other effects.

[chemical composition] Clematis contains oleanolic acid, ivy saponin, Clematis -23-0-arabinosaponin, anemonin, pulsatella lactone, sterols, sugars, saponins, lactones, phenols, Amino acids and so on.

radix clematidis

Clematis Root

Chinese clematis

Clematis chinensis Osbeck

WEI LING XIAN

Radix et Rhizoma Clematidis


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