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Radix Cyathulae

【Chinese medicine name】chuanniuxi [English name] Cyathulae Radix. 【Source】 The root of Cyathula officinatis Kuan. [Phytomorphology] Perennial herb. The main root is cylindrical. Stems erect, nearly quadrangular above middle, much branched, sparsely hairy. Leaves opposite, petiole densely growing...

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【Chinese medicine name】chuanniuxi

[English name] Cyathulae Radix.

【Source】 The root of Cyathula officinatis Kuan.

[Phytomorphology] Perennial herb. The main root is cylindrical. Stems erect, nearly quadrangular above middle, much branched, sparsely hairy. Leaves opposite, petiole densely growing trichomes; leaf blade elliptic to narrowly elliptic, apex acuminate to caudal, base cuneate or broadly cuneate, entire, densely cambered above, densely below. The flowers are greenish-white in color, and they are densely integrated into the flower pellets by the majority of inflorescences. The flower pellets are arranged in spikes on the branches; the sepals are ovate, dry and membranous, apical or hook-shaped; the cymules are fertile. Flowers centered, sterile flowers on both sides, tepals of sterile flowers into hook-shaped burrs, tepals of fertile flowers 5, 2 long and short, often longer than 2 apexes often hooked; stamens 5, opposite to tepals, filaments densely villous at base; staminodes 5, oblong, apex dentate lobed, basally connate with stamen filaments; ovary oblong or obovate; style thin, stigma head shape. Umbilica oblong oval, dark gray. Seeds ovate, russet. Flowering from June to July, fruiting period from August to September.

[Origin distribution] Born in a mountain area above 1,500 meters above sea level, cultivated or wild. Distributed in Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and other places.

【Harvesting and Processing】Digging in autumn and winter, removing the reeds, fibrous roots and sediments, squatting or drying to a half dry, piling up and drying, and then drying or drying.

【Herb traits】 nearly cylindrical, slightly twisted, slightly down or a few branches, length 30 to 60 cm, diameter 0.5 to 3 cm. Yellow-brown or gray-brown surface, with vertical wrinkles, root marks, and most lateral projections. Quality and toughness, not easily broken, light yellow or brown-yellow section, vascular spotted, arranged in several rounds of concentric rings. Gas slightly, sweet.

[pharmacological research] animal experiments show that water decoction and stream extract can make the experimental animal uterine contraction, and have anti-fertility effect and a certain role in promoting blood circulation. Intragastric administration of quercetin promotes bile secretion in rats, increases bile acids and bilirubin content, and lowers cholesterol; and inhibits WR-1339-induced hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia in rats. Arteriosclerosis also has an inhibitory effect.

[Chemical composition]radix cyathulae Contains steroidal compounds such as caliposterone, ferulic acid, alkaloids, achyranthes polysaccharide, and β-ecdysterone.


KeywordAvg. Monthly Searches (exact match only)CompetitionSuggested bid
chuan niu xi100 – 10000.052.66
cyathula officinalis kuan10 – 1000.04
cyathula officinalis10 – 1000
radix cyathulae10 – 1000.020.98
medicinal cyathula root


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