【Chinese medicine name】 ciwujia [English name] Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix Et Rhizoma Seu Caulis. [Source] The roots and root bark of Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr.et Maxim.) Harms of the Araliaceae Acanthopanax plant. Plant morphology: deciduous shrubs, up to 2 meters. The stems are usually...Send Inquiry
【Chinese medicine name】 ciwujia
[English name] Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix Et Rhizoma Seu Caulis.
[Source] The roots and root bark of Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr.et Maxim.) Harms of the Araliaceae Acanthopanax plant.
Plant morphology: deciduous shrubs, up to 2 meters. The stems are usually densely barbed. Palmate compound leaves, alternate, petiole spurred or unarmed, sparsely hairy or glabrous, leaflets 5, petiolule brownish hairy, leaflets elliptic-obovate to oblong, apex acuminate or cuspidate, base cuneate, The edges are sharply serrated or serrate, slightly short-haired or glabrous above, densely brownish hairs along veins below. Umbrellas terminal, many flowers dense, buds green, petals 5. Drupe berrylike, subglobose or ovate.
[Origin distribution] was born under the mountain forest and forest edge. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi and other places.
Harvesting and Processing: Artificially cultivated tiller plants are harvested after 3 to 4 years of growth, and seedlings take longer to harvest. Roots and rhizomes are harvested before the sap flow from late September to mid-October or in mid-October. The soil is removed and cut into 30 to 40 cm segments. After drying, they are bundled in small pieces or cut into small pieces of 5 cm in length and dried. Bags are kept. In some areas, the roots are excavated in summer and autumn, washed, stripped, dried and stored in a dry place.
【Herb character】The rhizome is irregularly cylindrical with a diameter of 1.4-4.2 cm. There are branches. The upper part shows the twigs of adventitious buds, the lower part is connected with the root, the surface is gray-brown, there are longitudinal wrinkles, and the curved part is often dense. Horizontal wrinkles, lenticels long, slightly raised and pale. Root cylindrical, multi-branched, 0.3-1.5 cm in diameter, with apparent longitudinal wrinkles and visible lenticels. Hard, hard to break, yellow-white cross section. Gas slightly fragrant, slightly spicy, slightly bitter.
Pharmacological research: Acanthopanax has a significant sedative effect, can improve the brain's excitement, inhibition process, enhance learning and memory, improve work efficiency; has an effect on the cardiovascular system; can be anti-tumor; has the ability to adapt to the original role and immune regulation. Anti-fatigue, anti-anoxia, anti-high temperature, anti-radiation, anti-stress, delay aging, enhance immune function, anti-inflammatory, inhibit platelet aggregation, regulate endocrine dysfunction, slow heart rate, reduce myocardial oxygen consumption and myocardial oxygen consumption Index, reduce myocardial oxygen utilization, can reduce blood pressure, reduce the scope of myocardial infarction, protect myocardial ischemia, cough expectorant, enhance metabolism and promote tissue regeneration, antibacterial, anti-virus, with detoxification and other effects.
[Chemical composition] radix acanthopanax mainly contains a variety of glycosides, similar to the physiological activity of ginsenosides in ginseng roots. It also contains 2,6-dimethoxyphenylhydrazine, betulinic acid, myristic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, eleutheroside A, eleutheroside B (syringin), and eleutheroside C, Acanthopanax Saponin D, Acanthopanax Saponin E, Ciwupentanone and other ingredients.
|acanthopanax root||10 – 100||0.04|
|acanthopanax gracilistylus||10 – 100||0.04|
|acanthopanax||100 – 1000||0.03|
|acanthopanax senticosus||100 – 1000||0.06|
|eleutherococcus senticosus root||10 – 100||0.71|
|eleutherococcus senticosus||1000 – 1万||0.43|
|radix acanthopanax||10 – 100||0|
|Radix Acanthopanacis Semticosi|