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Radix Pseudostellariae

【Chinese medicine name】taizishen [English name] Pseudostellariae Radix. [Source] Roots of Caryophyllaceae plant Pseudostellaria heterophylla ( Miq. )Pax ex Paxet Hoffm. Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 15-20 cm high. The roots are elongated and spindle-shaped, with yellowish-white skin and...

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【Chinese medicine name】taizishen

[English name] Pseudostellariae Radix.

[Source] Roots of Caryophyllaceae plant Pseudostellaria heterophylla ( Miq. )Pax ex Paxet Hoffm.

Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 15-20 cm high. The roots are elongated and spindle-shaped, with yellowish-white skin and sparse fibrous roots. Stems erect, with 2 lines pubescent. Leaves opposite, lower leaf spatulate or oblanceolate, base gradually narrowed; upper leaves ovate-lanceolate or long ovate; stem parietal leaves larger, often 4 leaves arranged in "10" shape. Flowers type 2, axillary, apical flowers, white, pedicels pubescent, sepals 5, lanceolate, petals 5, apex 2-toothed, stamens 10, styles 3; flowers below stems small, purple, sepals 4, closed, without petals, usually 2 stamens. Capsule ovoid, seeds oblate or oblong-shaped kidney-shaped, brown, with petechiae. Flowering from April to May, fruiting period from May to June.

【Origin distribution】Pseudostellaria Root Born in under-forest wet fertile wetlands or wet and dry slopes, it is cultivated. Distributed in Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi and other places.

【Harvesting and Processing】When the stems and leaves of the summer are withered, most of the stems and leaves will be excavated, washed, and the fibrous roots will be removed. The boiling water will be slightly hot, then dried or dried directly.

【Medicine traits】Slender spindle or slender strips, slightly curved, 3 to 10 cm long, 0.2 to 0.6 cm in diameter. The surface is yellowish-white, relatively smooth, slightly longitudinally wrinkled, and with root marks in depressions. There are scars on the top. Hard and brittle, flat section, yellowish white, keratinous (hot dried after drying); or almost white, powdery (sun). Gas slightly, taste slightly sweet.

[chemical composition] Pseudostellaria Root contains cyclic peptides, such as heterophylla ring peptides A, B, C, pseudo-indigocyclic peptide, also contains volatile oil, its components have been identified in 12 species, the main sterols. It also contains various free amino acids, with the highest content of arginine, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid, accounting for 30% to 40% of free amino acids, and maltose. In recent years, palmitic acid, palmitic acid, β-sitosterol, △7-sitosterol-3-8-D-glucopyranoside, inositol-3-methyl ether, a-glucosamine, and Sucrose, behenic acid and so on.


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