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Radix Rubiae

[Chinese name] qiancao [alias] Rubiae Radix Et Rhizoma. [Source] Rubiaceae Rubia cordifolia L. roots and rhizomes. [Phytomorphology] Perennial climbing herb, 1-3 meters long. Several or dozens of branches, slender, red and yellow skin. The stem is square, with 4 edges, and an inverted thorn on...

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[Chinese name] qiancao

[alias] Rubiae Radix Et Rhizoma.

[Source] Rubiaceae Rubia cordifolia L. roots and rhizomes.

[Phytomorphology] Perennial climbing herb, 1-3 meters long. Several or dozens of branches, slender, red and yellow skin. The stem is square, with 4 edges, and an inverted thorn on the edge. Leaves 4 leaves whorled, long-stalked, leaf blade ovate-cordate or narrowly ovate, apex acuminate, base cordate or rounded, entire, veins 3 to 5, projected from base, petiole and leaf ribs below There are barbed on. Inflorescences conical, axillary or terminal, flowers small, corolla 5-lobed, pale yellow, ovary inferior. berry.

[Origin distribution] was born in the wilderness, the forest edge of the mountain, and the bushes. Most parts of the country are distributed.

[harvesting and processing] Excavation in spring and autumn, removing stem seedlings, net soil and fine roots, and drying. It is generally better to use the fall harvester. Grass stalks of charcoal: take sorghum slices, set the pan fry until the appearance of charred black, old yellow inside, spray water, let cool.

[Medicine traits] Rhizomes are nodular, root clusters, thickness ranging. The root is cylindrical, slightly curved, 10 to 25 centimeters long, 0.2 to 1 centimeter in diameter, reddish-brown or dark brown on the surface, with fine longitudinal wrinkles and a few fine root marks, and the skin is shed yellow red. Brittle, easy to break, flat section, narrow skin, purple, broad wood, light yellow-red, most of the catheter hole. Odorless, bitter taste, long chew tongue.

Pharmacological research has the advantages of shortening bleeding time, anti-platelet aggregation, and increase of white blood cells; anti-tussive, antibacterial and anti-cancer effects; it can prevent the formation of experimental kidney and bladder stones, especially for the formation of calcium carbonate stones. Inhibitory effect; treatment of experimental myocardial infarction; anti-acetylcholine-induced isolated intestinal fistula, there is antispasmodic effect. Excitatory effect on isolated uterus; has the effect of dilating blood vessels and inhibiting the permeability of the connective tissue of the skin. Oral root decoction in mice has obvious antitussive and expectorant effects, but after adding alcohol precipitation, the filtrate is ineffective; root decoction can fight contraction of isolated rabbit ileum; root water extract has excitatory effect on isolated guinea pig uterus. Maternal orally also has the effect of strengthening uterine contraction; root warming dip can expand frog foot decidual blood vessels, and can slightly shorten the rabbit's blood clotting time; root in the test tube against golden yellow and white staphylococcus, pneumococcus and influenza bacilli Such as a certain degree of inhibition.

[Chemical composition] This product mainly contains purpurin, valerian pigment, oleanolic acid acetate, oleanolic acetic acid ester, valinol, hydroxyrubenin, valerianin, isoquercetin, dihydrogen Valerin, 1-Hydroxy-2-carboxy-3-methoxyindole, 2'-methoxy-eucalyptus, and Valerianin.

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