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Radix Scrophulariae

【Chinese medicine name】 Xuan Shen [English name] Scrophulariae Radix. [Source] Scrophulariaceae plant Scrophularia buergeriana Miq. (S. oldhami Oliv.) Root. Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 60-120 cm high. Root hypertrophy, cylindrical, often branched lower, grayish brown skin. Stems erect,...

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【Chinese medicine name】 Xuan Shen

[English name] Scrophulariae Radix.

[Source] Scrophulariaceae plant Scrophularia buergeriana Miq. (S. oldhami Oliv.) Root.

Plant morphology: Perennial herb, 60-120 cm high. Root hypertrophy, cylindrical, often branched lower, grayish brown skin. Stems erect, 4-angled, with grooves. Lower leaves opposite, upper leaves sometimes alternate, all with stalks, leaves ovate to long ovate, 5-12 cm long, 3.5-12 cm wide, apex pointed, base rounded or subtruncate, margin subtending Sawtooth. The inflorescences of the cymules constricted into spikes, and the inflorescence axis and pedicels were glandular hairs. The calyx was 2–3 mm long, with 5 cracks and several bases. The lobes were nearly circular, marginal membranous, corolla yellow-green, tube oblique obliquely potlike. 4 fertile stamens, 1 staminode, nearly round, adnate to corolla tube, superior to ovary, 2-loculed. Capsule oval, about 6 mm long.

【Place of Origin】Rejoiced in moist soil. Distribution in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Inner Mongolia and other places.

[Harvesting and processing] The roots were removed from October to November to remove the stems and leaves and the soil, and the sprouts were removed for cultivation. When the roots were dried to a half-dry and the interior color was black, the roots and fibrous roots were cut and piled. After 4 days (sweating), dry or dry.

【Herb traits】 Cylindrical, slightly thicker or thicker in the middle, some like a croissant, 6 to 20 cm long and 1 to 3 cm wide. The surface is gray-brown with longitudinal wrinkles, fine roots and fine root marks. Solid, hard to break, slightly flat section, black color, slightly shiny. There is caramel gas, sweet, slightly bitter, soaked in water, the water is black. Those who are thick, solid, and dark in color are preferred.

[Pharmacological research] Scrophulariaceae alcohol extract can also resist hypoxia, anti-myocardial ischemia, increase myocardial blood volume; Aqueous extract on guinea pig bronchus apparent relaxation effect, and can enhance the role of adrenaline. Toxicity: The LD50 of mouse decoction by intraperitoneal injection is 15.99 to 19.91 g/kg. Another antipyretic, antibacterial, protection of myocardial ischemia, spasm, lower blood pressure, hypoglycemic and other effects.

[Main ingredients] The radix scrophulariae roots contained halobin (70% to 80%), 8-o-methylparacoumaryl, and halpaside, all of which were blackened. The other contains harpagoside, Scrophulariaceae triglycoside, Scrophulariaceae glycosides, aucubin, Scrophulariaceae cyclic ether, geniposide, Celestin F, decaffeyl arabinoside, verbascoside and so on.


figwort root10 – 1000.13
xuan shen100 – 10000.033.05
scrophularia ningpoensis100 – 10000.01
xuan shen herb10 – 1000.02
radix scrophulariae100 – 10000
xuan shen100 – 10000.03
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