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Radix Sophorae Flavescentis

[Chinese name] Radix Sophorae Flavescentis kushen [English name] Sophorae Flavescentis Radix. [Source] is the root of Sophora flavescens Ait. Plant morphology Subshrubs. Root cylindrical, yellow skin. Branches with irregular longitudinal furrows, yellowish hairs when young. Single pinnate,...

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[Chinese name] Radix Sophorae Flavescentis kushen

[English name] Sophorae Flavescentis Radix.

[Source] is the root of Sophora flavescens Ait.

Plant morphology Subshrubs. Root cylindrical, yellow skin. Branches with irregular longitudinal furrows, yellowish hairs when young. Single pinnate, alternate, alternately stipules linear, with 5 to 21 leaflets, ovate-elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, apex rounded or blunt, base rounded or broadly cuneate, entire. Racemes terminal, shortly bristly, sepals linear, flowers yellowish white, corolla butterfly, stamens 10, filaments free, only the base of healing, pistil one, ovary superior. The pods are linear, apex long, not cracking at maturity. There is a contraction between seeds, nearly spherical.

[Origin distribution] The Radix Sophorae Flavescentis are born in the sunny areas of the hillside grasslands, plains, roadsides, and sandy soils. All parts of our country are distributed.

[Harvest processing] Spring and autumn harvest, autumn harvesters are preferred. After digging the roots, remove the roots and fibrous roots, wash the sediment and dry them. Fresh root slices dried, called ginseng tablets.

【Herb character】 cylindrical, 10 to 30 cm long, 1 to 2 cm in diameter. The surface is gray-brown or brown-yellow, with marked longitudinal wrinkles. The lenticels are prominent and slightly reeled, extending horizontally. The cork is thin, brownish or gray-brown, and most of the cracks are curled outwards and are easily peeled off to show yellow smooth skin. It is hard and hard to break, and its fracture surface is thick and fibrous. The cross section is yellow-white, with obvious formation. Air pungent nose, extremely bitter taste. The flavescens tablets are chamfered slices of different shapes and sizes. They are obround or oblong, 2.5 centimeters long, 1 to 1.5 centimeters wide and 2 to 5 meters thick. Hard, yellowish-white cross-section, ring-shaped rings, xylem for radiation pattern.

【Clinical application】 Radix Sophorae Flavescentis is used for the treatment of enthusiasm, blood in the stool, jaundice in the urine, diarrhea and pruritus, eczema, sore, pruritus, and leprosy; topical use, decoction to wash the affected area, treatment of trichomonas vaginal inflammation.

【Pharmacological studies】 The matrine decoction and matrine contained in it can be given orally to rabbits to produce diuretic effect; high concentrations of decoction in the test tube can inhibit the Mycobacterium tuberculosis; decoction, aqueous extract in vitro Some common dermatophytes have inhibitory effects; alcohol extracts have anti-trichomonas action in vitro; matrine is injected into rabbits to find central nerve palsy, and spasms occur at the same time, and eventually the breathing stops and die. Injected into the frog, initially excited, followed by paralysis, breathing became slow and irregular, the last occurrence of paralysis, resulting in respiratory arrest and death, the occurrence of hernia may be due to hyperreflexia of the spinal cord. The minimum lethal dose for rabbits is 0.4 g/kg. There is a positive inotropic effect, the dose is too large, the heart appears spontaneous contraction and reduced excitability; anti-arrhythmia; anti-myocardial ischemia; dilation of blood vessels, increased perfusion; can antagonize the central nervous system of caffeine; may asthma, Anti-allergic; Inhibit the immune system; Elevate white blood cells; Anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-pathogenic microorganisms, enhance the advancing function of mice's small intestine, protect gastric mucosal damage and so on. poisonous.

【Chemical composition】 Radix Sophorae Flavescentis contains mainly alkaloids, dextrorotatory matrine, levodophylline, matrine, sophoridine, oxymatrine, matrine, chalcohol, luteolin-7-glucose Components such as glycosides, 1,8-cineole, umbelliferone, and dextrose.


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Extracted From

ku shen

100 – 1000

0.1

2.44




N

N


radix sophorae flavescentis

100 – 1000

0.02





N

N


ku shen tea

10 – 100

0.32

1.59




N

N


ku shen herb

10 – 100

0.09





N

N


ku shen chinese herb

10 – 100

0





N

N


sophora root

100 – 1000

0.3

4.17







sophora flavescens supplement

10 – 100

0.93

4.81







sophorae flavescentis

100 – 1000

0.04

8.54







sophora root tea

10 – 100

0.1








sophorae radix

10 – 100

0.01








sophora flavescens root

10 – 100

0.42








kushen

100 – 1000

0.02

2.01







sophora flavescens

1000 – 10000

0.09

4.27







shrubby sophora

10 – 100

0.04








sophorae

10 – 100

0








sophora root extract

10 – 100

0.39

1.97







sophora flavescens extract

10 – 100

0.43

2.23







sophorae flavescentis radix

100 – 1000

0.03

5.99







sophora flavescens root extract

10 – 100

0.26








sophora flavescens ait

10 – 100

0.03

4.58







sophora flavescens aiton

10 – 100

0.07








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