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Rhizoma Alismatis

[Herbal Medicine Name] rhizoma alismatis 【English name】oriental waterplantain rhizome. [Source] Alisma plant Alisma Alisma plantago-aquatica L. var. orientalis (Sam.) Juzep. Tubers. Plant morphology Alisma is a perennial marsh plant. Underground tubers, spherical, brown skin, dense majority of...

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[Herbal Medicine Name] rhizoma alismatis

【English name】oriental waterplantain rhizome.

[Source] Alisma plant Alisma Alisma plantago-aquatica L. var. orientalis (Sam.) Juzep. Tubers.

Plant morphology Alisma is a perennial marsh plant. Underground tubers, spherical, brown skin, dense majority of fibrous roots. Ye Jisheng, blade elliptic to ovate, apex acute or shortly pointed, base broadly cuneate, rounded or slightly cordate, entire, smooth on both surfaces glabrous. Flowering stems borne from leaves, pedicels, whorled, integrated large verticillate panicles; pedicels ranging in length, umbrella-shaped cuspidate or mucronate, base broadly cuneate, sharp; sepals 3, green, broadly ovate Petals 3, white, obovate, shorter than axils; stamens 6; pistil numerous, free, ovary obovate, laterally flat, style lateral. Achenes are mostly flat, obovate, brown. Flowering from June to August, fruiting period from July to September.

[Origin distribution] Alisma is born in a shallow wetland or paddy field, prefers a warm climate, and is cultivated in moist, humus-rich viscous soils.

【Harvesting and Processing】In winter, excavate the tuber of Alisma, remove the stems and leaves and fibrous roots, wash, dry with a slight fire, then remove the fibrous roots and rough skin.

【Herb traits】round, oblong or obovate, 4 to 7 cm long and 3 to 5 cm in diameter. The surface is yellowish-white, and it is light brown when it is not roughened. There are irregular transverse annular depressions, and there are numerous raised root marks, especially at the bottom of the tubers. Solid quality, broken yellow-white, granular, visible most pores, and visible vertical and horizontal brown vascular bundles. The gas is slightly fragrant and the taste is slightly bitter.

【Tropism of taste】 Alisma cold, sweet and light. Kidney meridian, bladder by.

【Efficacy and Function】 Alias urinate, dampness and heat. Diuresis and leakage drugs are classified under the diuresis and permeation medicine.

[Clinical application] dosage 6-13 grams. The use of governance urine unfavorable, edema, fullness, vomiting, diarrhea, phlegm, beriberi, gonorrhea, hematuria and so on.

Pharmacological research: Alisma has a pharmacological effect such as diuresis, regulation of blood lipids, formation of anti-kidney stones, lowering blood pressure, anti-fatty liver, anti-atherogenicity, and anti-nephritis activity. In the diuretic test of rats, it was found that the winter production of Alisma orientalis has a large diuretic effect. Alisma diarrhea, fermented grains, and bran fried diarrhea all have a diuretic effect, while salted diarrhea has no diuretic effect.

[chemical composition] Alisma contains a variety of tetracyclic triterpene alcohol derivatives, including Alisma alcohol A, Alisma alcohol B, Alisma alcohol C, 23-acetyl-Alizarinol B, Alisma alcohol, Alisma Alcohol Oxide, Alisma Diterpene Alcohol, Alisanilide A Acid Ester, Alismol® B Acid Ester, Alicia Alcohol C Acid Ester, etc. And contains choline, lecithin and a phospholipid substance. The content of Alisma alcohol A24-acetate and Alisanilide B23-acetate was determined by high performance liquid chromatography.


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Extracted  From

rhizoma  alismatis

100 –1000

0.04

3.46




N

N


ze xie

100 –1000

0.04

5.43




N

N


ze xie  herb

10 –100

0.2

3.42




N

N


ze xie  rhizoma alismatis

10 –100

0.02





N

N


alisma  plantago aquatica

1000 – 10000

0.02

1.43




N

N


ze xie  chinese herb

10 –  100

0.08





N

N


alismatis  rhizoma

100 –  1000

0.06

5.77




N

N


alisma  orientalis

100 –  1000

0.01





N

N


alisma  orientale

100 –  1000

0.01





N

N


alismatis

10 –  100

0





N

N


zexie

10 –  100

0.01





N

N


alismae

10 –  100

0.03

3.5




N

N


ze xie

100 –  1000

0.04

5.43




N

N




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