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Rhizoma Anemarrhenae

【Herbal Name】Rhizoma Anemarrhenae zhimu 【English name】 Anemarrhenae Rhizoma. 【Source】 Rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. Plant morphology Perennial herb, whole plant hairless. The rhizomes are hypertrophic, traversing, leaving many twig fibrous old leaf residues, and the lower ones have a...

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【Herbal Name】Rhizoma Anemarrhenae zhimu

【English name】 Anemarrhenae Rhizoma.

【Source】 Rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge.

Plant morphology Perennial herb, whole plant hairless. The rhizomes are hypertrophic, traversing, leaving many twig fibrous old leaf residues, and the lower ones have a majority of fleshy fibrous roots. Ye Jisheng, linear, length 20 ~ 70 cm, width 3 ~ 7 mm, the base is often expanded into a sheath, the upper light green, dark green below, slightly harder. Calyx erect, unbranched, 50-100 cm or more tall, sparsely squamose small bracts on it; flowers 2-6 in clusters, scattered on inflorescence axis, arranged in spicate; flowers yellow-white Or lavender, short-stemmed, more open at night, with aroma; tepals 6, 2 round, oblong, 6-8 mm long, 1-1.5 mm wide, outer wheel with purple veins, light yellow inside; Stamens 3, born in inner tepals center, anthers yellow; ovary ovate, 3-locular. Capsule oblong, with 6 longitudinal edges, 3-loculed, with 1 to 2 seeds per chamber. Seeds black, long triangular, wings on both sides. Flowering from May to August, fruiting period from August to September.

[Origin distribution] Rhizoma Anemarrhenae is born on sunny slopes, dry hills or grasslands. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Gansu and other places.

【Harvesting and processing】 Spring and autumn excavation, removal of fibrous roots and silt, dried, used to call "Mao Zhimu”; fresh peeled or scraped skin dried and dried, they are known as “Anemarrhena assassin” (Xi Zhimu) ).

【Herbs】 Hairy Anemarrhena: Long strips, slightly curved, slightly flat, occasionally branched, 3 to 15 cm long, 0.8 to 1.5 cm in diameter, with pale yellow stem and leaf marks at one end. The surface is yellowish-brown to brown, with a groove above it, with closely-arranged ring-shaped nodes, densely yellow-brown remnants of the leaf base, growing from both sides above the rhizome, and bulging below and slightly shriveled, with depressions or projections. Dotted root marks. Hard, easy to break, yellow-white cross section. Gas slightly, taste sweet, slightly bitter, chewing sticky. Known female meat: Most of the outer skin has been removed, the surface is yellowish-white; some have residual hairy base and pit-like root marks.

[Clinical application] Rhizoma Anemarrhenae used to treat exogenous fever, high fever, polydipsia, hyperactivity of dry cough, bone steaming, hot flashes, internal heat, diabetes, and intestinal dry constipation.

Pharmacological studies Pharmacological studies suggest that Rhizoma Anemarrhenae have antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic effects; inhibit Na+-K+-ATPase activity; modulate adrenergic and cholinergic nervous system; and can delay hepatocyte to cortisol Catabolism; lower blood sugar; anti-platelet aggregation; anti-pathogenic microorganisms; can extend the sleep time caused by cyclamate; has gallbladder, immune suppression and other effects.

[chemical composition] Rhizoma Anemarrhenae contains mangiferin, timosaponin A-I, timosaponin A-II, timosaponin A-III, timosaponin A-IV, timosaponin B-I, timosaponin B- II, Zhimu polysaccharide A, Zhimu polysaccharide B, Zhimu polysaccharide C, Zhimu polysaccharide D, Hinoki resin, β-sitosterol, and timosine disaccharide. Also contains choline, niacin, pantothenic acid and mangiferin.


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Extracted From

rhizoma anemarrhenae

100 – 1000

0.02

0.18

 

 

 

N

N

 

zhi mu

100 – 1000

0.06

4.07

 

 

 

N

N

 

anemarrhena asphodeloides

100 – 1000

0.07

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

anemarrhena

100 – 1000

0.04

0.35

 

 

 

N

N

 

zhi mu herb

10 – 100

0.27

3.7

 

 

 

N

N

 

anemarrhena rhizome

10 – 100

0.03

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

zhi mu powder

10 – 100

0.64

3.13

 

 

 

N

N

 

anemarrhena root

10 – 100

0.2

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

zhi mu extract

10 – 100

0.8

1.89

 

 

 

N

N

 

sarsasapogenin

100 – 1000

0.06

0.88

 

 

 

N

N

 

sarsasapogenin extract

10 – 100

0.67

3.71

 

 

 

N

N

 

anemarrhena asphodeloides root extract

100 – 1000

0.09

2.37

 

 

 

N

N

 

anemarrhena asphodeloides root

10 – 100

0.08

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

anemarrhenae rhizoma

10 – 100

0.02

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

anemarrhenae

10 – 100

0.01

 

 

 

 

N

N

 

common anemarrhena

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Anemarrhena Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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