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Rhizoma Cyperi

【Name of Chinese Herbal Medicine】:xiangfu [English name]: Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome, Rhizome of Nutgrass Galingale, Cyperus Rotundus. 【Source】: Cyperaceae Cyperus rotundus L. rhizome. [Phytomorphology] :Perennial herb. Axillary roots are long, apex with a hypertrophic spindle-shaped rhizome,...

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【Name of Chinese Herbal Medicine】:xiangfu

[English name]: Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome, Rhizome of Nutgrass Galingale, Cyperus Rotundus.

【Source】: Cyperaceae Cyperus rotundus L. rhizome.

[Phytomorphology] :Perennial herb. Axillary roots are long, apex with a hypertrophic spindle-shaped rhizome, purple brown skin, brown hair or dark brown hairy material. Stem sharp triangle, base tuber. Leaves narrower than culm linear; sheath brown, often fibroformed. Leaf blade 2-5; long lateral branch cymose inflorescences simple or comeback, radiation branches 3-10; spikes outline gyro-shaped; spikelets 3-10, linear, with flowers 8-28; spikelets Wide, white, transparent wings; scales imbricate, membranous, ovate or oblong-ovate, middle green, purplish or reddish brown on both sides, veins 5-7; stamens 3, drug linear; Style long, stigma 3. Nutlets oblong-obovate, triangular-shaped. Flowering from June to August, fruiting period from July to November.

[Origin distribution] was born on the hillside grassland, farmland, roadsides and watersides, wetlands, river ditch and sandy land. Distributed in Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang and other places.

【Cultivation and processing】:Falling and digging in the fall, removing fibrous roots and scales with fire, boiled or boiled and dried, or dried directly without fire or steaming, both are called "Mao Xiang"; Bamboo cage hit back and forth, or use the bamboo sieve to remove the net ash and hair, which is "light Xiang".

[Herb character]: spindle-shaped, or slightly curved, 2 to 3.5 cm long, 0.5 to 1 cm in diameter. Surface brown or dark brown, with irregular longitudinal wrinkles, with 6 to 10 distinct and uplifting segments, 2 to 6 mm in length, numerous brown hairs on one side, and residual root marks; The hairs are smoother and have fine longitudinal ridges. Hard, horny cross-section of broilers, brown or reddish brown, cross-section of the sun lighter, powdery, white; the ring of the inner cortex is clear, the middle column is dark, and the vascular spot is clearly visible. Gas aromatic, slightly bitter taste.

Pharmacological studies Volatile oils and alcohol extracts have significant analgesic and antipyretic effects in rats. Relaxed smooth muscle and estrogen-like effects, anti-inflammatory, liver and gallbladder and other pharmacological effects. There are also hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic effect; a protective effect on gastric mucosa; can promote the decomposition of isolated adipose tissue; have anti-pathogenic microorganisms, anti-oxidation and apoptosis.

[chemical composition]: contains about 1% of volatile oil, the oil contains a variety of sesquiterpenes and their oxides, also contains a small amount of monoterpene compounds and cortisone and so on. In addition contain α-Cepione, β-pinene, cloveene, eucalyptus, aconite, geraniol, carrot glycosides, β-sitosterol, emodin and other ingredients.


rhizoma cyperi100 – 1000
xiang fu100 – 1000
xiang fu herb10 – 100
xiang fu chinese herb10 – 100
xiang fu zi10 – 100
nutgrass galingale rhizome10 – 100
cyperus rotundus herb10 – 100
cyperus rotundus1000 – 1万
cyperus rotundus rhizome10 – 100
cyperus rotundus root10 – 100
cyperus rotundus root extract10 – 100
cyperus rotundus powder10 – 100
nut grass Galingale Rhizome
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