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Rhizoma Gastrodiae/tall Gastrodia Tuber

[Chinese medicine name]tianma [English name]Gastrodiae Rhizoma [Source] Tuber of Gastrodia elata Bl. [Plant morphology] Perennial parasitized plants, whose host is Armillaria mellea (Vahl, ex Fr.) Quel, is a nutrient source of mycelia or mycelia of Armillaria mellea, in order to grow and...

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[Chinese medicine name]tianma

[English name]Gastrodiae Rhizoma

[Source] Tuber of Gastrodia elata Bl.


[Plant morphology] Perennial parasitized plants, whose host is Armillaria mellea (Vahl, ex Fr.) Quel, is a nutrient source of mycelia or mycelia of Armillaria mellea, in order to grow and develop. Tubers oval or ovoid, lateral, fleshy. Stem single, cylindrical, yellow-brown. The leaves are scaly, membranous, and sheathlike amplexicaul. Racemes terminal, bracts membranous, narrowly lanceolate, or oblong-elliptic, flowers yellowish green or yellow, sepals and petals connate into axillary, mouth oblique, apical 5-lobed; There are 2 small appendages at the top of the column; ovary obovate, ovary handle twisted. Capsule oblong, short stem. The seeds are mostly small and dusty. Flowering from June to July, fruiting period from July to August.


[Origin distribution] Born in wet forest and fertile soil. Distributed in Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Tibet and other places. It is cultivated everywhere.


[Cultivation and harvesting] Spring is harvested in spring from April to May as "chunma", and excavation is "Dongma" from September to October before the beginning of winter, and the quality is better. After removing the earth, remove the dirt, divide the size, use a little water or white water to soak, peel off the skin, steam or boil thoroughly, spread out to dry or dry with no smoke. It can also be sliced and dried. "Tomorrow Ma" is generally smoked with sulphur, slightly translucent, with good color.

medicinal properties of oval or long strips, slightly flat, shrinking and slightly curved, 3 to 15 cm long, 1.5 to 6 cm wide, 0.5 to 2 cm thick. The surface is yellow-white to yellowish-brown, with longitudinal wrinkles and multiple rings of transverse rings arranged by latent buds. Sometimes brown fungal lines are visible. The top has red-brown to dark-brown parrot-like buds or residual stem base; the other end has a round umbilical scar. Hard, hard to break, cross-section flat, yellow-white to light brown, horny. Gas slightly, sweet.

[Tropism of taste] is flat and sweet. Return to the liver.


[Efficacy and role] Pinggan interest rate only. It belongs to the category of Pinggan Hefeng Medicine, which is classified as an interest-bearing wind.


[Clinical application] dosage of 3 ~ 9 grams, decoction. With headache, dizziness, limb numbness, convulsions in children, seizures of epilepsy, tetanus.

Pharmacological studies Animal experiments have shown that Tianma extract and decoction have sedative, analgesic and anticonvulsant effects; Tianma polysaccharide can enhance non-specific immune and cellular immunity and anti-inflammatory effects in experimental animals. Another anti-aging, inhibition of platelet aggregation, protection of myocardial cells and other effects.


[Main Ingredients] This product mainly contains gastrodine, gastrodin, gastrodin, gastrodin, carotenoids, balsenosine A, adenosine, trace alkaloids, polysaccharides, etc., and nickel, chromium, strontium, manganese , zinc, copper and other trace elements.


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