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Myrrha

【Chinese name】 moyao 【English name】Myrrha [Source] Olive tree Commiphora myrrha Engl., Halifax Commiphora molmol Engl. Dry resin. Divided into natural myrrh and glial myrrh. [Plant form] Low shrubs or trees, about 3 meters high. The trunk is thick, with many irregularly spiky rough branches. The...

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【Chinese name】 moyao

【English name】Myrrha

[Source] Olive tree Commiphora myrrha Engl., Halifax Commiphora molmol Engl. Dry resin. Divided into natural myrrh and glial myrrh.

[Plant form] Low shrubs or trees, about 3 meters high. The trunk is thick, with many irregularly spiky rough branches. The bark is thin, smooth, with small exfoliation, pale orange brown, and grayish afterwards. Leaves scattered or clustered, single leaf or three compound leaves, leaflets long oval or oblanceolate, central 1 long 7 to 18 mm, width 4 to 5 mm, far more than one pair on both sides is large, blunt, The whole or end is slightly serrated. Flowers small, clustered on short shoots, calyx cup-shaped, persistent, with 4 blunt teeth, corolla white, 4-merous, oblong or linear-oblong, erect, stamens 8, extending from margin of short cup-shaped disk Out, erect, unequal, ovary 3 rooms, style short, stigma capitate. Drupe ovate, pointed, smooth, brown, exocarp leathery or fleshy. Seeds 1 to 3, but only 1 mature, the rest are shrinking. Flowering summer.

[Origin distribution] produced in Somalia, Ethiopia and the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula.

[Harvest processing] Harvested from November to next February. The resin can naturally seep through cracks in the bark, or cut the bark and allow the oleoresin to exude from the wound. At the beginning, it was a pale yellowish white viscous liquid that gradually solidified into a red-brown hard block when it was airborne. After harvesting, go to the net impurity and store it in a dry and ventilated place.

Herbal traits 1. Natural myrrh: irregular granular lumps, ranging in size, the largest diameter of more than 6 cm. Surface yellow brown or reddish brown. Nearly translucent part is brownish black and has yellow dust. Qualitative. The broken surface is irregular and dull. A special aroma, bitter and slightly pungent.

 

Pharmacological Research Similar to other oleoresin-containing substances, myrrh has some local stimulatory effects and can be used in oral lotions as well as excitable bowel movements when the gastrointestinal tract is weak. Dilution method using a test tube, a 1:2 inhibition of dermatophytes such as Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Volatile oils contained have a mild inhibitory effect on mold. The 20 mg/kg femoral arterial injection of myrrh decoction can increase the blood flow of the femoral artery of anesthetized dogs and decrease the vascular resistance.

 

[Chemical composition] mainly contains α, bergamot acid, β, bergamot, acid, myrrh, capex, eugenol, limonene, and myrrh.

myrrh

Bisabdominasolol

Commiphora

Myrtle Oil

MO YAO

 


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